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General Studies I

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2010 Paper

Question
145 out of 150
 

With reference to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, consider the following:

1. The Right to Development

2. The Right to Expression

3. The Right to Recreation

Which of the above is/are the Rights of the child?



A 1 only
B 1 and 3 only
C 2 and 3 only
D 1, 2 and 3
Ans. D Exp: The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the United Nations in 1989, spells out the basic human rights to which children everywhere are entitled. The following are the rights given under the Convention-

l Article 12 refers to children’s rights to express their own opinions and to have them taken into account in any matter affecting them.

l Article 17 recognises “the important function performed by the mass media, “ and calls on those governments who have signed up to the Convention to” ensure that the child has access to information and material from a diversity of national and international sources.”

l Articles 28 and 29 (the right to education), Article 31 (the right to participate in leisure, cultural and artistic activities), and Articles 34 and 36 (which require that children should be protected from sexual and other forms of exploilation including ponography) are also relevant.

Development related rights- These are rights to the resources, skills and contributions necessary for the survival and full development of the child. They include rights to adequate food, shelter, clean water, formal education, primary health care, leisure and recreation, cultural activities and information about their rights. These rights require not only the existence of the means to fulfil the rights but also access to them. Specific articles address the needs of child refugees, children with disabilities and children of minority or indigenous groups.

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