With reference to Pondicherry (now Puducherry), consider the following statements:
1. The first European power to occupy Pondicherry were the Portuguese
2. The second European power to occupy Pondicherry were the French
3. The English never occupied Pondicherry
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
|A|| 1 only|
|B|| 2 and 3 only|
|C|| 3 only|
|D|| 1, 2 and 3|
Ans. A Exp: The first Europeans to exert power in Asia were the Portuguese who sailed round southern Africa in search of the trade goods of the east: pepper, cloves, silk, When they reached the coast of India and the islands further east they found their outdated weapons technology and lack of moral scruples which gave them an advantage over the local regimes they found. They began to occupy ports, such as Goa in India and towns in Indonesia.