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Latin linquere to leave

In Latin 'to leave' meaning is 'linquere'.


The vagrant ghost of King Roomi came back to his palace after roving all over the Earth and the other worlds, and was instantly heartbroken to see the utter dereliction of his beloved palace. The walls were rickety, the doors decrepit; the roofs were long-gone and the floors had fissures. There remained nothing, of value or otherwise, in the ruins.

He calculated that three hundred and forty four years in Earth time had passed since his death. From the accounts of his descendants whom he had met in heaven, he knew that his kingdom had been merged into the Indian state when the latter became independent and that his progeny had had to relinquish all their powers and most of their property. That must have happened about 50 years ago, hereckoned. The dilapidated palace showed that the government had not bothered at all about their legacy.

The royal ghost was indignant. He wanted to teach the delinquent government a lesson. So, he entered the body of the Indian Prime Minister who was at that time expostulating on a crucial issue in a cabinet meeting. The Prime Minister’s sentence hung in the mid-air for some time and then, he started muttering inanities. His colleagues stared aghast. They waited for him to stop, but when he did not, and remained foolish for more than 10 minutes, they called for his secretary and awkwardly asked him to take him away. The secretary too was bewildered but had the presence of mind to tell everybody that the PM had taken a few medicines shortly before the meeting and they must have made him delirious. That explanation allayed everybody’s fears.


The PM’s wife saw the sorry state in which he was brought home and started weeping as the secretary recounted what had happened during the meeting. He was still talking when the PM got up and startedgamboling around, laughing stupidly, gleefully making monkey faces at his wife, his secretary and then, himself in the mirror. His wife beat her forehead; whose wizardry was this? What would happen now?

The king’s ghost inside her husband spoke up in a stentorian voice. He told her whose ghost he was and that he would leave her husband’s body only when he was assured that the government would restore the palace. The distraught old lady fervently promised on her husband’s behalf.

The benign ghost came out. The PM proved as good as his wife’s word. The palace was immediately renovated. The king went back to heaven, feeling happy that he had taught the government to take care of royal relics.

He capriciously returned one day, 10 years later in Earth time. He saw that his palace was as dilapidated as it had been before. The government had changed.

Latin venire to come

The hero and the villain are fighting. Dhishoom! Dhishoom! The heroine is lying unconscious and the vamp, who secretly loves the hero, is looking on anxiously. Suddenly, she gasps. One of the villain’sminions is aiming his gun at the hero! “Raaaaaaaaam!” the vamp exclaims, coming before our hero, Ram, and taking the bullet meant for him on her chest.


To ‘prevent’ somebody from dying means to come before his Death. But if you could not prevent it, if Death pushed you aside and took the poor fellow away, you will have to go to his cremation. The place where everybody comes to for a pre-decided event is called the ‘venue’ of that event.


The following words have travelled from far-flung places in the dictionary just to meet you. Please welcome them!


Venire 1: advent, adventitious, misadventure, venture, venturesome

Venire 2: circumvent, intervene, convene, convention, conventional

Venire-3: contravene, covenant, souvenir, provenance, parvenu

Latin currere to run

In Latin 'to run' meaning is 'currere'.


“Do you both agree?” the priest of the church asked the bride and the groom.


“Yes!” They beamed in concurrence.

Concurrent with this happy event however was a tragedy in another part of the city.

A group of friends had ‘run out of doors’ for a welcome break. This ‘excursion’ had turned sour when one of them slipped down the hill and died on the spot.

The deceased was a writer but not a very successful one. Incidentally, death had been a recurrent motif of his oeuvre. The hero of almost every novel of his died, or thought of dying, and was a writer. Writing was the only recourse his poor, distressed heroes had, their writing desk the only place that offered them some succor.

Hardly anybody had bought his novels. Most of the people to whom he had gifted them had kept them aside after a cursory glance.

The few who had read them had liked them. His plots were good, they had said, but their impact was marred by his discursive style. He was working hard on this weakness, and often told his friends that his novels till now were only the precursors to the great novel that he would write. He was confident that he would write it. He was not confident though that it would sell. He said that people purchased only what was talked about, and only those writers became a part of the public discourse, who were already famous or notorious, or those who created a controversy.

That dead unknown writer was not the only one who soaked up the currere derivatives. Cursive handwriting, current news, royal couriers, incursive terrorists and incurred debts have them too.

A related root is the Latin word carrus, meaning ‘a two-wheeled wagon,’ and found in car, cargo, carry, career, carriage, chariot, discharge and caricature.

Latin fugere to run away, flee

The fugitive lovers reached a small village. The sun had already set. The streets were empty. The boy told the girl that they would easily find a refuge there. He had heard that villagers were always very helpful.


He knocked on a door. A burly middle-aged man, wearing a chequered dhoti, a dirty vest and a thick moustache opened the door. He looked at them from head to toe. “What do you want?” came his brusque question.

Intimidated somewhat by the unexpected rudeness, the boy explained that they were looking for a shelter to spend the night. The man immediately softened. “Oh ok ok,” he said, “But, I live alone here. I will not be able to do much for you. My sister lives over there,” he pointed down a bend in the street, “go to her, or no, let me take you there myself, and she will look after you very well.”

“See, didn’t I tell you?” the boy’s smile seemed to ask the girl as they followed the man. The girl’s return smile said that she was impressed by his wisdom.

The man’s sister was delighted to have guests. “I was worried about being alone at the house tonight,” she told her brother, “both your nephew and his father have gone to a relative’s, and look, God sent two such lovely children to me!” The man laughed and after patting the young man on the shoulder, went to his own home. His sister fussed over them like an affectionate mother. They ate contentedly and went to sleep.

The boy woke up in a jungle, the girl in a brothel. That show of love had just been a subterfuge to make them eat the food in which the woman had mixed a strong sleep-inducing medicine. Her brother arrived with the madam of the local brothel soon after the unsuspecting lovers dozed off. The girl was pretty; they got a good sum for her. The brother and the sister gloated over their unexpected windfall and over the gullibility of the boy and the girl.

Centrifugal is the last word from this root of fugitives.

Latin errare to wander

In Latin 'to wander' meaning is 'errare'.


Sudhir Chaturvedi was lambasting Sameer so badly that it seemed he would kill the boy. It was only with great difficulty that Bade Chaturvedi Ji managed to extricate his grandson from his son’s iron-grip. After coddling the sobbing boy and sending him away to drink some water, he gently advised his son to not raise his hand on Sameer because he was not a child anymore. Sudhir shook his head. “Baoji, stop mollycoddling him; you have spoiled him. I met his teacher in the market today and he told him that your darling grandson likes to filch money from his classmates.”

“What? Sameer?”

Ji Baoji. Today, he is stealing small change; tomorrow, his daring will increase. Beta bhatak raha hai Baoji; usko raste pe laana padega.”

When someone wanders from the right path, he is said to have committed an error. The other words from this root are:

errare-1: erroneous, erratum, errant

errare -2: aberrant, inerrancy, erratic

to carry

A carrier is called a vehicle in English and vaahan in Sanskrit. The two words are cognates. Organisms like the female Anopheles mosquito, which are the vehicles of disease causing microorganisms, are called vectors. Vexed wives, convex mirrors, convection currents, passionate invectiveinveighed against men, vehement winds and modes of conveyance also share thevehere connection.


The in-laws of a new bride carry her away from her parents’ home. That is why, they call her ‘bahu’. ‘Vivah’ literally means ‘a carrying away’. The Punjabi word is viah, closest to the Latin root.


Now, the way that a vehicle follows is expressed by the root via. Mr Snehashish Chatterjee reached Kolkata ‘via’ Delhi. His brother Debashish had travelled by the same route previously. ‘Previous’ means ‘going before, on the road before’ (L. pre, before).

The other words from via are:

Route-1: deviate, devious, obviate

Route-2: envoy, convoy, trivial

Route-3: pervious, impervious, vogue

Latin portare to carry

In Latin 'to carry' meaning is 'portare'.


All work and no play had made Jack a rather dull boy. He decided to take a break and disport himself at an amusement park. So he went there and lo! He found himself enjoying so much! Every ride had him in transports, he laughed and shrieked and shouted, everybody could see what a good time he was having. He took most rides twice, some even thrice!


Vagrant: (n) a homeless wanderer.

Origin: L vagari, to wander

  • The movie Awaara is about a happy-go-lucky, comic vagrant who is intensely in love with a girl he met once in his childhood.

Related word: Vagabond

Vagabond: (n) a homeless wanderer.

Origin: L vagari, to wander

  • The Banjaras are a vagabond tribe.
  • This song from the 1972 movie ‘Parichay’ describes the life and attitude of a vagabond very well:

Musaafir hoon yaaro, naa ghar hai naa thikaanaa.

Mujhe chalte jaanaa hai, bas chalte jaanaa.


Rove: (v) to wander without a destination


Dereliction: (n) negligence; the act of abandoning somethings. (adj) derelict: abandoned, neglected.

Origin: L de- + linquere, to leave

  • After a child was kidnapped right outside the school gate, the school watchman—who had left his place to buy a packet of cigarettes from a nearby shop—was suspended for dereliction of duty.
  • The derelict old car kept rusting in the driveway of the derelict farmhouse.

Rickety: (adj) old, about to collapse.

Origin: from the disease rickets in which legs become deformed

  • The film The Motorcycle Diaries is about two medical students, one 23 year old, and another 29, who decide to travel across Latin America on their rickety motorcycle for adventure. Their journey brings them closer to Life, and its grim realities that were hidden from them in their cocoon of privileged existence. One of them becomes a revolutionary, Che Guevera.

Fissure: (n) crack

  • The almost vertical cracks that are created on the earth’s surface by an earthquake are called earth fissures.

Relinquish: (v) to give up.

Origin: L re-, back + linquere, to leave => ‘to leave behind’

  • Raavi Virk. The name sounded so cool, so stylish! Now, engaged as she was to Pratap Singh Sidhu, she would soon have to relinquish it. Raavi Sidhu did not sound half as good. She thought she would rather convince Pratap to let her keep her surname after marriage.

Reckon: (v) to think or calculate.

Origin: Related with reck, to think

  • Ranvir Sodhi was normally a very cautious driver but once inebriated, he drove recklessly. One evening, he went with his wife to attend a party at his sister’s house. By the end of the party at midnight, he was literally doddering from intoxication. His sister insisted that they spend the night at her house. His wife too refused to let him drive in such a sozzled state. He declared that he would drive, come whatever may. His wife coolly replied, “I reckon that you will learn only after you have mowed some sleeping pavement dwellers under your car or rammed your car into something.”
    See also, reckless

Dilapidated: (adj) ruined, about to fall.


Legacy: (n) something come down to one from one’s ancestors or predecessors.


Delinquent: (adj) neglectful of duty; neglectful of law.

Origin: L de-, + linquere, to leave

  • The writer’s latest novel was about the delinquency of a widowed queen who gave away her son’s kingdom to a rival, in the hope of winning that man’s love.

Mutter: (v) to utter words indistinctly or as if talking to oneself; murmur.


Inanity: (n) a silly statement.

  • It has become routine in India for works of art or literature to be banned because of some inane complaints about hurt sentiments.

Delirium: (n) a fevered state of mind characterized by delusions, great anxiety, uncontrolled excitement, etc.


Allay: (v) soothe, lay to rest.

Origin: from ‘lay’


Wizardry: (n) magic


Relic: (n) object or monument left behind from the past time.

Origin: L re-, back + linquere, to leave


Caprice: (n) a sudden, unpredictable change of the mind.

  • The employees had become so used to the caprices of their boss that they were hardly surprised when on a Tuesday he told them that there would be a fancy dress ball on the office premises on Thursday evening.
  • Nature is a capricious lady. She may shatter your world this minute just because she was in the mood of an earthquake. Or, she may suddenly decide that she is bored of dutifully sending the monsoons every year and, to spice things a little, may hold them up for a whole year or two or three or whatever number she decides. One never knows when she will show her anger to us, and when, her love.

Advent: (v) arrival

Origin: L ad-, to + venire, to come

  • The friends celebrated the advent of the new year in great style.

Adventitious: (adj) happening by chance.

Origin: L ad-, to + venire, to come => ‘coming from outside’ => ‘not an intrinsic part’

  • When the waiter brought the bill, he casually put his hand in his pocket to take out the wallet and that was when he realized that…his pocket had been picked! He was trying to explain his situation to the hotel manager when an old classmate of his walked in the hotel.
    He had no idea how he would have come out of the embarrasing situation had it not been for that adventitious meeting with his friend.

Misadventure: (n) mishap, an unlucky attempt.

Origin: L mis-, bad + ad- + venture => ‘bad going to something’

  • The film star’s foray into politics proved to be a misadventure. He realized that it was not his cup of tea.

Venture: (v) to move into a new or uncertain field; (n) a risky project.

Origin: L venire, to come

  • The film star ventured into politics.
  • The entrepreneur started a new venture.

Venturesome: (adj) bold, risk-taking.

Origin: venture + some

  • Entrepreneurs are by nature venturesome.
  • He set on the venturesome mission of cycling from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.

Circumvent: (v) to go around; to avoid.

Origin: L circum, circle + venire, to come

  • The land ceiling act limits the maximum amount of land that a family may hold. But big landowners circumvent the rule by registering their excess land under fictitious names.

Intervene: (v) to come in between.

Origin: L inter-, between + venire, to come

  • The timely intervention of the police saved the two young men from fighting one another to death.

Convene: (v) to call together.

Origin: L con-, together + venire, to come

  • The convener convened a meeting of the magazine committee.

Convention: (n) a meeting; a practice on which everyone agrees.

  • Radhey Prasad broke the convention of his times by refusing to marry his daughter in her childhood and educating her.

Conventional: (adj) related with or according to the conventions.

  • In the India of 19th century, it was conventional to marry girls before the age of 10.

Contravene: (v) to go against.

Origin: L contra-, opposite + venire, to come

  • The society does not take kindly to any person who contravenes its conventions 

Covenant: (n) agreement, contract.

Origin: L co-, together + venire, to come

  • Marriage is a covenant which binds two souls.

Souvenir: (n) keep-sake

Origin: L sub-, up + venire, to come => ‘to come in mind’

  • The college souvenir was a treasure trove of beautiful memories.

Provenance: (n) origin

Origin: L pro-, forth + venire, to come

  • For the Indians of today, English is no more a language of colonial provenance. It is very much an Indian language for them, a language they have grown up with and in which they can very well express all the flavours and colours of their lives. It is also the only language that enables them to communicate with all the other parts of their vast, multilingual country.

Parvenu: (n) a person who has newly become rich but still lacks the sophistication of the upper classes.

Origin: L par-, through + venire, to come ‘one who has come through the barrier that divides the upper class from the middle class’

  1. Many consider New Delhi to be a parvenu city. It was recreated by the refugees who had lost their everything in the partition and had come to the city empty-handed. They toiled day and night to rebuild themselves and the city. They succeeded.

Concurrence: (n) simultaneous occurrence; agreement.

Origin: L con-, together + currere, to run


Concurrent: (adj) occurring at the same time.


Incidental: (adj) occurring by chance or in isolation.


Recurrent: (adj) occurring again; occurring again and again.

Origin: L re-, back + currere, to run


Recourse: (n) a person or thing that you go to for help of protection.

Origin: L re-, back + currere, to run


Succour: (n) something that offers support or consolation.

Origin: L sub-, up to + currere, to run => ‘to run up to someone’ => ‘to offer help’


Cursory: (adj) running; superficial.

Origin: L currere, to run


Mar: (v) to damage, to harm.


Discursive: (adj) wandering from one topic to the other.

Origin: L dis-, apart + currere, to run => ‘running apart from the main topic’


Precursor: (n) that which comes before.

Origin: L pre-, before + currere, to run

  • “Hitler and Stalin believed that with a little social engineering, with the mass murder of a few million people, they could create a new and perfect world. The idea of perfection has often been a precursor to genocide.” Arundhati Roy

Discourse: (n) conversation; a formal talk about a subject.

Origin: L dis-, about + currere, to run => ‘to run about a topic’ => ‘to talk about a topic’

  • The swami gave a discourse on the need for forgiveness.
  • The discourse on education is increasingly becoming focused on the the use of Information Technology in education.

Cursive: (adj) running

Origin: L currere, to run


Current: (adj) happening right now.

Origin: L currere, to run


Courier: (n) messenger

Origin: L currere, to run => ‘a man who runs with your message’


Incursive: (adj) intruding; breaking in.

Origin: L in-, in+ currere, to run

  • The Intelligence Bureau reported the incursion of 300 men in the Kargil sector.

Incur: (v) to come into.

Origin: L in-, in + currere, to run => ‘to run into’

  • The State Electricity Board incurred huge losses due to the Chief Minister’s decision to supply free electricity to the farmers.

Career: (v) to move or run at full speed.

Origin: L carrus, wagon

  • As soon as their mother said they could go and play, the children ran out at full career. As if let out of a suffocating prison, they careered joyfully around the garden, their arms stretched out as if they had just broken imaginary chains around their spirit.

Caricature: (n) a sketch or a description of a person in which his characteristics are comically exaggerated.

Origin: L carrus, wagon -> caricare, to load


Fugitive: (adj) one who is running away from somebody.

Origin: L fugere, to run away


Refuge: (n) a place that offers shelter.

Origin; L re-, back + fugere, to run => ‘to run back to’


Burly: (adj) having a huge, strong body.


Chequered: (adj) having a cheque pattern; having many ups and downs.

Origin: From the chequered board on which Chess is played.

  • The businessman had a chequered life. He saw many successes and many failures.

Brusque: (adj) rude, abrupt.


Subterfuge: (n) a clever trick intended to cheat, escape from something or hide something.

Origin: L subter, below + fugere, to escape => ‘to escape secretly’


Windfall: (n) an unexpected good fortune.


Centrifugal: (adj) centre-fleeing

Origin: L centri, center + fugere, to run


Lambaste: (v) to criticize very strongly; to beat or whip physically.


Extricate: (v) to free someone from a difficulty or entanglement.

Origin: L ex-, out + tricae, confusion

The other words from the root tricae are: intricate, intrigue

Intricate: (adj) highly complex, complicated.

  • An intricate design of embroidery

Intrigue: (n) secret love affair, conspiracy; (v) arouse the curiosity of.

  • The dying man’s last words—rich, gold, hide—intrigued his son

Coddle: (v) to pamper.


Mollycoddle: (v) to pamper.


Filch: (v) to steal in a petty way.


Erroneous: (adj) wrong, full of errors.

Origin: from ‘error’

  • It is erroneous to equate knowledge with wisdom.
  • On the phone, her child-like voice gave an erroneous impression of her age.
  • An erroneous report.

Erratum: (n) an error in a text; an error notice.

Origin: L errare, to err


Errant: (adj) wandering

Origin: L errare, to err

  • In the older times, the knight-errants had to travel to distant lands to carry out assigned missions. When far-away from home, they relieved their minds by carving their sweethearts’ names in deserts, and wildernesses, and other savage places where there was no probability of them ever being read by anybody.
  • The wife well knew her husband’s errant heart and kept him in strict control.

Aberrant: (adj) abnormal; deviating from the normal.

Origin: L ab-, away + errare, to wander => ‘to wander away from the normal’

  • When the young man first showed signs of mental aberration, his family put it to merely overwork and anger.
  • The family misinterpreted his aberrant behavior as being merely overwork and anger.
  • The theory had predicted a linear curve. While most of the data points in Roshan’s experiment did fall on one line, he got three values which were far away from that line. His co-worker dismissed the aberrant data as resulting from experimental error but Roshan decided to cross-check.

Inerrancy: (n) inability to make errors.

Origin: L in-, not + errare, to err

  • No man can claim inerrancy. Everyone makes mistakes.

Erratic: (adj) irregular, unpredictable.

Origin: L errare, to wander

  • Sushma admired her husband’s maturity; his even temper was a contrast to her own erratic mood swings.

Vex: (v) irritate, trouble

Origin: L vehere, to carry -> vexare, to attack

  • The child vexed his aunt by asking “what?” and “why?” about everything.

Convex: (adj) having an outwardly round surface.

Origin: L con-, together + vehere, to carry => ‘to carry together’


Convection: (n) transfer of heat by movement of molecules of the medium.

Origin: L con-, together + vehere, to carry


Invective: (n) very strong worded or angry criticism or scolding.

Origin: L in-, in + vehere, to carry => ‘to carry in words’ => ‘to attack with words’

  • When he met a traffic jam at yet another traffic light, he broke into an invective on how pathetic the traffic situation of India was and how the politicians did nothing but stuff their own stomachs while letting the country go to rot and how the people foolishly kept on buying new cars to clog the already suffocated roads even more.

Inveigh: (v) to attack or criticize with very strong or angry words

Origin: L in-, in + vehere, to carry => ‘to carry in words’ => ‘to attack with words’

  • When he inveighed against the evil government under whose bloody policies the poor workers suffered, his hearers were roused and the whole sky reverberated with their slogans against the government.

Reverberate: (v) to echo.


Vehement: (adj) carrying a lot of energy, enthusiasm, emotion or anger.

Origin: L vehere, to carry

  • The boy yearned for the girl’s love—for some sympathy with the vehement passion which was burning within him; but she was as cold as marble.
  • He spoke against his enemy with such vehemence that his mother feared that he was going to kill him.

Conveyance: (n) communication; transport.

Origin: L con-, + vehere, to carry => ‘to carry from one point to another’

  • modes of conveyance.
  • He conveyed his anger to her by talking to everyone but her.

Deviate: (v) to go off the main road.

Origin: L de- + via, road

  • The pull of money deviates many men from the path of honesty.

Devious: (adj) not straightforward; crooked.

Origin: L de- + via, road => ‘off the straight road’

  • In the movie Bawarchi, the new cook wins everybody’s hearts with his easy charm. The viewers, however, suspect that he may be devious because the cook is often shown stealing stealthy glances at the locked trunk of the family patriarch when no one is looking.

Obviate: (v) to make unnecessary.

Origin: L ob-, in + via, way => ‘standing in the way’ => ‘blocking the road for something’ => ‘making it unneeded’. The word ‘obvious’ too has the same etymology. The sense interpretation of ‘obvious’ is as under:

‘standing in the way’ => ‘easily seen’

  • Today, the cell phone has obviated the need for a wrist watch.

Envoy: (n) messenger; a diplomatic agent.

Origin: L en-, on + via, way => ‘on his way’

  • Indian government appoints its envoys to different countries. They are called the ambassadors.

Convoy: (n) a fleet of cars or military vehicles which travels together with an important vehicle to ensure its safety.

Origin: L con-, together + vehere, to carry

  • Suspected militants attacked the convoy of the chief minister. Coincidentally, the convoy, which usually had around 50 cars, was only 10 cars long that day.

Trivial: (adj) of little value.

Origin: L tri-, three + vium, road => ‘an intersection of three roads where people used to stand and talk’ => ‘to talk of unimportant, ordinary things’ => ‘unimportant, ordinary.’

  • “I don’t have time to waste on trivial domestic problems. Solve them yourself ”, the husband told his wife and left for office.

Pervious: (adj) allowing water or other material to pass through.

Origin: L per-, through + via, way

  • Roads and pavements made of pervious asphalt and concrete can solve the waterlogging problem that most Indian cities face during heavy rains and can also help recharge ground water.

Impervious: (adj) not allowing anything to pass through; uninfluenced

  • The king seemed impervious to the tears of the young lady and ordered the guards to carry out his orders of killing her husband.
  • The doctor was impervious to all that was happening around him once he started watching a film.

Vogue: (n) fashion

  • Fashion is ever-changing. What is in vogue today, becomes outdated tomorrow.

Disport: (v) to divert or enjoy.

Origin: L dis-, apart + portare, to carry => ‘to carry away from the main work’


Transport: (v) to carry from one place to another; to move to strong emotion, get carried away.

Origin: L trans-, across + portare, to carry

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