- Poverty is defined in absolute and relative terms.
- Poverty line has been defined by the Planning Commission of India on the basis of nutritional requirements of 2,400 calories per person per day for rural areas and 2,100 calories per person per day for urban areas.
- Causes of poverty include: economic causes and social causes.
- Poverty can be removed by: increasing production, equitable distribution, population control and special programmes for poverty alleviation such as JRY, PMRY, IAY. SGRY, NREGS, etc.