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Doctrine of Caveat Emptor

The term Caveat emptor is a combination of two Latin words. Caveat means caution or warning or beware, and Emptor means the buyer, the purchaser. Caveat emptor means: Let the buyer beware.
Generally it is not the seller’s duty to take initiative to disclose the defects in the goods or make inquiries about the buyer’s need. When seller displays their goods in open market, the buyer must make a proper selection of the goods and he should be careful to see that the goods purchased will serve his purpose, Sec 16. If the buyer later on finds that the goods do not serve the purpose, or if the goods turn out to be defective buyer cannot hold the seller liable.



Amar purchased a horse from Akbar. Amar needed the horse for riding purpose, but, he did not disclose this to Akbar. The horse was not suitable for riding but was suitable only for being driven in the carriage. Amar can neither reject the horse nor can he claim compensation from Akbar.


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