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Project Tiger

Project tiger stamp

The tiger is India’s national animal. It is the key wildlife species in the faunal web. The population of the Indian tigers came down from an estimated number of 55,000 to a mere 1, 827 due to various reasons like poaching for trade, shrinking forests, depletion of prey species and growing human population. Tigers were hunted for their skin and bones. The bones were used to make traditional medicines.


Realizing the gravity of the situation the "Project Tiger" campaign was initiated in the year, 1973 by the government of India. It is one of the most well publicized wildlife campaigns in the world.

  • There are 27 tiger reserves in India covering an area of 37,761 sq km
  • Due to ‘Project Tiger’ the tiger population went up to 4,002 in 1985 and 4,334 in 1989
  • In 1993, the tiger population again dropped to 3,600
  • Corbett National Park in Uttaranchal, Sunderbans National Park in West Bengal, Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan, Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam and Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala are some of the tiger reserves of India.

Project Tiger Reserves

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