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Political Reforms


Political Reform

When challenges are there, they should be faced and resolved. To resolve challenges we need reforms. These reforms are called 'democracy reform' or' political reform'.


As all the countries do not face the same challenges, reforms also differ according to the need.

Challenges have to be faced at the grass - root level that is at the State and local level.

Guidelines for political reforms in India

  • The laws of a country play an important role in bringing about reforms. The laws have to be revised carefully to ensure that wrong political practises are not encouraged. Laws alone cannot resolve challenges; democratic reforms are to be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements and politically conscious citizens. 
  • Any legal change must carefully look at what results it will have on politics. Sometimes the results may be counter-productive. Generally, laws that seek to ban something are not very successful in politics. Laws that give politicians incentives to do good things have more chances of working. 
  • Political reforms should empower people to carry out democratic reforms. The Right to Information Act is a good example of a law that empowers the people to find out what is happening in government and act as watchdogs of democracy. Such a law helps to control corruption and supplements the existing laws that banned corruption and imposed strict penalties. 
  • Democratic reforms should be carried out through political practice. They should strengthen democratic practices.
  • Political reforms are of no use if they are not implemented. So, political reforms should be formulated, with implementation as the focal factor.

Reforming Politicians

If a democracy has to progress the politician have to be honest and trust worthy, as the people have voted them to power with great expectations. But this is not the case with many politicians in India.

The greatest challenge that India faces is corruption. Corruption is rampant in all government departments and the few clean politicians are lost in the multitude of corrupt politicians

Strict laws have to be passed to curb corruption and existing laws should be implemented without favour to any particular party or person.

Laws can have little impact unless people resist attempts to mislead and divide people in the name of caste and religion. You cannot have democracy in a real sense unless people and politicians overcome the barriers of caste and religion.

Conclusion :-
Redefining Democracy

  • The rulers elected by the people must take all the major decisions. 
  • Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers. 
  • All the people should be able to compete in an election on an equal basis.
  • The exercise of this choice must lead to a government limited by basic rules of the constitution and citizens' rights. 
  • Democratic rights should go beyond the realms of the right to vote and offer social and economic rights to its citizens. 
  • A democracy should ensure power sharing between state governments and social groups. 
  • A democracy is not just the rule of the majority, the minority also have to be included in decision making through dialogue. 
  • A democracy has to eliminate discrimination based on caste, religion and gender.


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