Coupon Accepted Successfully!


How is Federalism Practiced?

For the success of federalism, Constitutional provisions are necessary, but only these are not sufficient. In India the real success of federalism can be attributed to the nature of democratic politics in our country.

  • The spirit of federalism
  • Respect for diversity
  • Desire for living together

........... are the shared ideals in our country.

Independent India faced two major issues :-

  • Linguistic States
  • Language policy


    Linguistic States

    The first and major test for democratic politics in our country was the creation of Linguistic States.

Linguistic States


Many new States have been created and many old States have vanished. Currently there are 28 states and 7 union territories in india


28 states and 7 union territories

  • Areas, boundaries and names of the States have been changed. To ensure that people who spoke the same language lived in the same State, this was done.

  • Not only this, to recognize differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography also some States were created. These were not based on language.

  • The Central Government resisted linguistic States for some time, since it felt that people may demand for states based on all the languages. But the experience has shown that the country has become more united, after the formation of linguistic States. Administration has also been made easier.

Language policy :-

Language policy was the second test for Indian federation. No language was given the status of national language by our Constitution.

  • Hindi was identified as the official language.
  • 40 per cent of Indians have Hindi as their mother tongue.
  • There were many safeguards to protect other languages.
  • 21 other languages besides Hindi, are recognised as Scheduled Languages by the Constitution.
  • A candidate in an examination conducted for the Central Government positions may opt to take the examination in any of these languages.
  • States too have their own official languages.
  • Much of the government work takes place in the official language of the concerned State.

The leaders of our country adopted a very cautious attitude in spreading the use of Hindi. The use of English for official purposes was to stop in 1965 according to the Constitution. However, many non- Hindi speaking States demanded that the use of English continue. Promotion of Hindi continues to be the official policy of the Government of India. This does not mean that Hindi is imposed on all the States by the Central Government, where people speak a different language. The flexibility shown by Indian political leaders helped our country avoid the kind of situations many other countries faced.

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name