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Public/Private Division

Housework and bringing up children are the main responsibilities women. Boys and girls are brought up to believe this. This is reflected in most families.

  • All work inside the home such as cooking, cleaning, washing clothes, tailoring, looking after children, etc., is taken care of by women
  • All the work outside the house is taken care of by the men.

This does not mean that men cannot do the work of women. If they are paid for it, men do such jobs. The same is the case of women. Women also go out and earn money.

Women’s role in politics is minimal in most societies.

  • Earlier only men were allowed to participate in all affairs concerning politics.
  • After a number of protests organised by women all over the world, equal rights were given to women.
  • The protests were mainly conducted to enhance the political and legal status of women and improving their educational and career opportunities.
  • Some protests were aimed at enhancing the personal and family life of women.
  • These were called feminist movements.

Women in politics

Women’s role in public life was improved by political expression of gender division and political mobilisation. Earlier women could not work as scientists, doctors, engineers, lawyers, managers and college and university teachers as they were not considered suitable for women, but today all this is possible. There are many countries where women get involved in public life. But ours is still a male dominated, otherwise called the patriarchal society. Disadvantage, discrimination and oppression is faced by women in various ways:

There still exists a significant gap in the education levels of men and women.

  • The literacy level is a lowly 39.3% for women.
  • This is because of the general thought that girl children are going to stay at home and cook while the boys will go out and earn.
  • This mentality of the people makes them educate their sons and leave the daughters to do the house hold work.
  • Regional disparities are also quite significant, with Kerala having achieved cent percent literacy and Rajasthan having a dismal 20.4 percent literate women population.

The same thing happens when a woman goes to work. Though an Indian woman works one hour more than an average man every day, she is not paid the right salary and her work is not valued.

According to the Equal Wages Act, equal wages should be paid to equal work. In India men are considered to be better in almost all aspects and women are not.

Child sex ratio

  • Parents tend to have sons, and prefer to abort the girl child before she is born.
  • This kind of sex-selective abortion has led to a decline in child sex ratio (number of girl children per thousand boys) in the country.

Child sex ratio

  • There are reports of violence, harassment and exploitation against women. Women cannot look upon urban areas for safety. Even in their own houses there is no assurance of safety since there is physical or mental harassment.

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