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  • The process of production of goods in large number by using machines is called manufacturing.
  • The economic strength of a country is measured or judged from the development of manufacturing industries.
  • The share of industries to the GDP has is 17% which goes up to 27% when when the contribution of mining, Quarrying, electricity and gas is included.
  • The industries are classified into different types on different bases.
  • Cotton textile industry provides a living to farmers, cotton boll pluckers & workers and other people involved in ginning (separation of seeds from the cotton), spinning, weaving, dyeing, designing, tailoring and packing.
  • India exports its cotton goods to countries like U.S.A, U.K, Russia, France, East European countries, Nepal, Singapore Sri Lanka and other African countries.
  • India ranks number one in the production of raw jute and second in the export of jute.
  • India ranks second in the production of sugar but occupies the first position in the production of gur and khandsari.
  • This industry is the basic industry since all the other industries depend on it for their machinery.
  • Aluminium smelting is the second important metallurgical industry of India after Iron and Steel industry.
  • The Indian fertiliser industry is involved in the production of Nitrogenous and Phosphatic fertilisers.
  • Indian chemical industry is the third largest in Asia and 12th largest in the world in terms of its size.
  • Cement industry plays an important role in the development of infrastructural facilities like factories, roads, bridges,dams etc.
  • The major centres of automobile industry are Delhi, Gurgoan, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Indore, Hyderabad, Jamshedpur and Bangalore.
  • The electronics industry produces a wide range of products like, transistors, televisions, telephones, telephone exchanges, computer, radar etc.
  • Rapid industrialisation in India has not only led to the economic development. On the other hand it has increased pollution of land, water, noise and air.
  • Economic development should be consistent without degrading the environment.

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