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The Salt March and the Civil Disobedience Movement

Hence Civil Disobedience was launched in 1930. The first major move was the Salt Satyagraha or Dandi March. Salt law was broken. Gandhi was arrested along with his followers. It stirred the whole nation. Almost all the coastal towns witnessed breaking salt law.

                                                       Dandi March

Side by side, the Jungle Satyagraha (breaking forest rules, cutting trees) started, as also no-tax campaign. The tax levied was too high, varying from 22% to 60%. The Bardoli Satyagraha started under the leadership of Vallabhai Patel which won him the title of "Sardar" or "The General". The government had to bow before popular resistance.


Patel with Bardoli peasants

Sardar Vallabhai Patel

  • Karnataka was in the fore front in the Salt Satyagraha, Jungle Satyagraha and No-tax campaign.
  • Bombay presidency , Uttar Pradesh Presidency and Madras Presidency were leading in the agitations.

  • Peaceful satyagrahis were attacked, women and children were beaten, and about 100,000 people were arrested.

  • In such a situation, Mahatma Gandhi once again decided to call off the movement and entered into a pact with Irwin on 5 March 1931.

  • By this Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Gandhiji consented to participate in a Round Table Conference in London and the government agreed to release the political prisoners.

  • In December 1931, Gandhiji went to London for the conference, but the negotiations broke down and he returned disappointed


Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan

This campaign reached the far off province of North West. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan emerged as the leader of Pathan community. His Khuda Khidmatgar (servants of God) became an organization completely based on non-violence. The fiery tempered Pathans exhibited such restraint and self confidence that they set an example to the whole nation.

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