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  • In India we have national and regional political parties.
  • A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.
  • Parties reflect fundamental political divisions in society.
  • Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them.
  • The number of effective parties in a country can vary. There are three major systems of political parties.
  • In One-party system only a single party is allowed to rule.which is not a good option since it is not a democratic system.
  • In Two-party system there may be many parties in the country, only the two largest ones have a realistic chance of forming the government.
  • In Multi-party system, several parties compete for power and each has a chance of coming into power on its own, or in alliance with others
  • Countries that follow a federal system have two kinds of parties. Parties that are present in only one unit of the federation, and those that are present in all or several units of the federation.
  • The state parties include the parties with national level political organisation, but which have succeeded in only a few states
  • Even though political parties are an important part of any democratic structure, there is a deep dissatisfaction among people regarding these parties.
  • Change can happen in a democratic system only through the elected representatives of the people. But if the elected representatives from the parties are not willing to change, reform is not possible.

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