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Print and the Poor People

Very cheap small books were brought to markets in nineteenth-century and sold at crossroads, allowing poor people travelling to markets to buy them. Public libraries were set up from the early twentieth century, expanding the access to books.

Libraries were usually located in cities and towns.

Caste discrimination was a major topic discussed in the print media.

Writer who Protested against Caste Discrimination :-

  • Jyotiba Phule , the Maratha pioneer of ‘low caste’ protest movements
  • B.R. Ambedkar of Maharashtra
  • E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker of Madras

Jyotiba Phule B.R. Ambedkar  E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker

Local protest movements and sects also created a lot of popular journals criticising ancient scriptures and envisioning a new and just future. Publications on social reforms also flooded the market. These publications tried to restrict excessive drinking among people, to bring literacy and propagate the message of nationalism.

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