# Question-1

**Find the probability of getting a number less than 5 in a single throw of a die.**

**Solution:**

Possible outcomes={1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

Favorable outcomes = Getting a number less than 5 = {1, 2, 3, 4}

âˆ´ P(Getting a number < 5) =

# Question-2

**One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of drawing:**

(i) an ace.

(ii) `2â€™ of spades.

(iii) `10â€™ of a black suit

(i) an ace.

(ii) `2â€™ of spades.

(iii) `10â€™ of a black suit

**Solution:**

One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards.

(i) An ace is drawn.

Number of possible outcomes = 52

Number of favorable outcomes = 4

\ P( Drawing an ace) =

(ii) A`2â€™ of spades is drawn.

Number of possible outcomes = 52

Number of favorable outcomes = 1

\ P( Drawing a`2â€™ of spades) =

(iii) A `10â€™ of a black suit is drawn.

Number of possible outcomes = 52

Number of favorable outcomes = 2

âˆ´ P( Drawing a `10â€™ of a black suit) =

# Question-3

**17 cards numbered 1, 2, 3, ..., 16, 17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One person draws a card from the box. Find the probability that the number on the card is**

(i) odd.

(ii) a prime

(iii) divisible by 3

(iv) divisible by 3 and 2 both

(i) odd.

(ii) a prime

(iii) divisible by 3

(iv) divisible by 3 and 2 both

**Solution:**

17 cards numbered 1, 2, 3, ..., 16, 17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One person draws a card from the box.

(i) The number on the card is odd

Number of possible outcomes = 17

Number of favorable outcomes = 9 [i.e 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17]

âˆ´P( Getting an odd number on the card ) =

(ii) The number on the card is a prime.

Number of possible outcomes = 17

Number of favorable outcomes = 7 [i.e 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17]

âˆ´ P( Getting a prime on the card ) =

(iii) The number on the card is divisible by 3

Number of possible outcomes = 17

Number of favorable outcomes = 5 [i.e 3, 6, 9, 12, 15]

âˆ´ P( Getting a number divisible by 3 ) =

(iv) The number on the card is divisible by 3 and 2.

Number of possible outcomes = 17

Number of favorable outcomes = 2 [i.e 6, 12]

âˆ´ P(Getting a number divisible by 3 and 2 ) =

# Question-4

**A die is thrown once. Find the probability of getting**

(i) an even number

(ii) a number greater than 3

(iii) a number between 3 and 6

(i) an even number

(ii) a number greater than 3

(iii) a number between 3 and 6

**Solution:**

A die is thrown once.

(i) An even number

**Number of possible outcomes = 6 [i.e 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]**

** **Number of favorable outcomes = 3 [i.e 2, 4, 6]

** **âˆ´ P(Getting a even number) =

(ii) A number greater than 3

** **Number of possible outcomes = 6 [i.e 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

** **Number of favorable outcomes = 3 [i.e 4, 5, 6]

âˆ´ P(Getting a number greater than 3) =

(iii) A number between 3 and 6

** **Number of possible outcomes = 6 [i.e 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

** **Number of favorable outcomes = 2 [i.e 4, 5]

\ P( Getting a number between 3 and 6) =

# Question-5

**A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball is double that of a red ball, find the number of blue balls in the bag.**

**Solution:**

Let the number of blue balls in the bag be x.

The number of red balls in the bag is 5.

P(Drawing a blue ball) =

P( Drawing a red ball) =

P( Drawing a blue ball) = 2 Ã— P(Drawing a red ball) â‡’ = 2 Ã—

i.e x = 10

\ The number of blue balls in the bag is 10.

# Question-6

**A bag contains 12 balls out of which x are white.**

(i) If one ball is drawn at random, what is the probability that it will be a white ball?

(ii) If 6 more white balls are put in the bag, the probability of drawing a white ball will be double than that in (I case). Find x.

(i) If one ball is drawn at random, what is the probability that it will be a white ball?

(ii) If 6 more white balls are put in the bag, the probability of drawing a white ball will be double than that in (I case). Find x.

**Solution:**

A bag contains 12 balls out of which x are white.

(i) If one ball is drawn at random;

P (Drawing a white ball ) =

(ii) 6 more white balls are put in the bag.

Hence the number of balls in the bag = 12 + 6 = 18

Number of white balls = x + 6

P (Drawing a white ball )=

P (Drawing a white ball in II case ) = 2 Ã— P (Drawing a white ball in I case)

â‡’ = 2 Ã—

i.e x = 3

# Question-7

**Five male and three female candidates are available for selection as on manager in a company. Find the probability that male is selected.**

**Solution:**

Number of male candidates available = 5

Number of female candidates available = 3âˆ´ Total number of candidates available = 8âˆ´ Total outcomes = 8

Number of outcomes for a male getting selected = 5âˆ´ Probability of a male getting selected =

# Question-8

**Cards marked with the numbers 2 to 101 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. One card is drawn from this box. Find the probability of a number which is a perfect cube.**

**Solution:**

Outcome of getting a perfect cube = {8, 27, 64}â‡’ Number of outcomes of getting a perfect cube = 3âˆ´ Probability of getting a perfect cube =

# Question-9

**A card is drawn from an ordinary pack and a gambler bets that it is a spade or an ace. What are the odds against his winning this bet?**

**Solution:**

Total number of cards = 52

â‡’ Total number of possible outcomes = 52

Number of favourable outcomes of getting a spade or an ace = 13 + 3 = 16

âˆ´ Probability of getting a spade or an ace if a card is drawn at random

**=**

=

=

# Question-10

**17 cards numbered 1, 2, 3, ..., 16, 17 are put into a box and mixed thoroughly. One person draws a card from the box. Find the probability that the number on the card is a prime.**

**Solution:**

Prime numbers = {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17}â‡’ Number of favourable outcomes = 7âˆ´ Probability of getting a card with a prime number

**=**.

# Question-11

**Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up together and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 7?**

**Solution:**

Number of ticket that bear numbers multiple of 3 or 7 is 3, 6, 7, 9, 12, 14, 15 and 18.

Hence probability = .

# Question-12

**Two dice are thrown. What is the probability of obtaining a total of 10 or 11?**

**Solution:**

Let A be the event of getting a total of 10.

Let B be the event of getting a total of 11.

A = {(4, 6), (5, 5), (6,4)}

B = {(5, 6), (6, 5)}

n(A) = 3

n(B) = 2

Therefore P(A) =

and P(B) =

Since A and B are mutually exclusive

P (Aâˆª B) = P(A) + P(B) = +=

Therefore P(Obtaining a total of 10 or 11) = .

# Question-13

**Find the probability of choosing square numbers between 2 and 100.**

**Solution:**

Sample space S = {2, 3, â€¦, 100}

Therefore n(S) = 99

Let A denote the event of choosing a square number.

Then A = {4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100}

n(A) = 9

Therefore P(A)= = .

# Question-14

**In a throw of a fair die, what is the probability of getting a number greater than 4?**

**Solution:**

Let A denote the event of getting a number greater than 4 in a throw of a fair die.

Then A = {5, 6}

n(A) = 2

Therefore P(A) = =