Building should be constructed to with stand natural disasters like earthquakes; landslides; cyclones and floods because building collapse during these disasters cause the maximum damage to people and property.
The most successful way to minimize loss to life and property during earthquakes is to build disaster resistant buildings.
Building collapse is the major cause for loss of life during an earthquake. So, to overcome this we have to build buildings that can withstand earthquakes.
In India landslides are common in the hilly regions of the south and in the Himalayan regions of the north and they cause a lot of damage to life and property.
Seasonal inspection and regular maintenance of the drainage system by the authorities is essential for miminising the loss caused due to landslides.
Floods occur when soil and vegetation cannot absorb all the water; water then runs off the land in quantities that cannot be carried in stream channels or retained in natural ponds or dams.
People should avoid building houses on river banks or near the sea coast. Houses should be built at least 250 meters away from the river banks.
Buildings should be built on an elevated platform. Buildings in flood prone areas can be built on stilts or columns.
Cyclone is another natural disaster that affects people and property to a large extent.
The damage to life and property during cyclones can be minimised having a shelter belt plantation across the wind direction in coastal areas.
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