Decline of Feudalism
- Feudalistic societies are decentralized
- Political control is spread out and does not come from one strong, stable place.
- Larger areas of land were being controlled by fewer, more powerful individuals.
Beginning of the Renaissance :-
Renaissance refers to the period in European history from about the 14th through 16th centuries regarded as marking the end of the Middle Ages and featuring major cultural and artistic change
- The Church, during the days of feudalism, was the one unifying factor for European people. When the power of the Church receded during the Renaissance, people became aware of similarities and interests beyond religion.
- England had previously played a role in the Protestant Reformation when Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church to form his own Church of England.
- Elizabeth I was seen as a symbol of English pride.
- England became a nation-state governing itself, not a disjointed group of feudal states paying homage to the Catholic Church centered in far-away Italy.
- Nation-states with strong individual rulers became predominant in Europe.
- Rulers such as Louis XIV in France governed large nations with absolute power.
- European people, in general, no longer saw themselves individually as (for example) Bavarian, Bohemian, or Prussian, they saw themselves as German.