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The Making of Nationalism in Europe

The idea that Europe should be united politically has been present in European culture since the Middle Ages, and inspired several proposals for some form of confederation. With the growth of nationalism in the 19th century, several pan-national ideas of Europe developed, some of them based on Aryanism and other race theories. After Nazi policies and the Holocaust discredited these racial theories, the emphasis shifted to cultural pan-nationalism.

Within the larger current of pan-European thought, there are those who explicitly support the idea that Europe is a single nation, or that it should seek to become one. In French, this concept is known as Nation-Europe or Europe-Nation and it is almost always associated with right-wing and neo-fascist groups, and especially with the New Right (Nouvelle Droite). The term European Nationalism is sometimes used in English.

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