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Urbanisation in India

Urbanisation took place very slowly in India. During colonial rule Indians lived mainly in rural areas.

Only very few cities developed during this period and about 11% of the Indian population only inhabited the cities.

The major features of the Indians cities were….

Bombay was the premier city of India. It expanded rapidly from the late nineteenth century

Bombay and its History

  • In the seventeenth century, Bombay was a group of seven islands under Portuguese control.
  • In 1661, Britain’s King Charles II married the Portuguese princess and Bombay came under the control of the British.
  • After the British gained control of Bombay, the East India Company shifted its
  • base from Surat to Bombay.
  • Bombay became the company’s major western port.
  • Cotton, opium and other goods were exported through the Bombay port.
  • Soon Bombay became an important administrative and industrial centre in western India.
  • For your information :-

    The Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. It was established in the 17th century. The Bombay Presidency comprised of the present-day Gujarat State, two-thirds of Maharashtra State and northwestern Karnataka state. It also included Pakistan's Sind province and the British territory of Aden in Yemen.

    It consisted partly of districts, which were directly under British rule, and partly of native or princely states, which were ruled by local rulers under the administration of a governor.

    The first British settlement in the Bombay Presidency was in 1618, when the East India Company established a factory in Surat.

    Bombay and its Labour Force

    • Bombay became the capital of the Bombay Presidency in 1819.
  • The city quickly expanded as trade in cotton and opium flourished
  • Large communities of traders, bankers, artisans and shopkeepers came to settle in Bombay.
  • The establishment of textile mills brought in many workers
  • The first cotton textile mill in Bombay was established in 1854.
  • Soon there were 85 cotton mills and 146,000 workers.
  • 23 per cent of the mill workers were women.
  • Bombay also dominated the maritime trade of India
  • Railways expanded in Bombay, and this encouraged large scale migration into the city.
  • The population of Bombay increased dramatically and the administrators had to deal with many problems.q

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