Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Planning a New Capital

  • The British understood the importance of Delhi and many extravagant events were held there.
  • In 1877, Viceroy Lytton organised a Durbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria as the Empress of India and to underline the fact that the British were in power and not the Mughals.

Durbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria

  • In 1911, when King George V was crowned in England, a Durbar was held in Delhi to celebrate the occasion and it was decided to shift the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi.
  • New Delhi was constructed as a 10-square-mile city on Raisina Hill, south of the existing city.

New Delhi

  • New Delhi took 20 years to build.
  • Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker designed New Delhi and its buildings. The new city was totally different from Shahjahanabad.
  • New Delhi had broad roads and sprawling bungalows instead of crowded mohallas and by lanes
  • The city had better water supply and a good drainage system. It was clean and hygienic with tree lined avenues.
  • The government complex in New Delhi consisted of a two-mile avenue called Kingsway (Rajpath).
  • At the end of Kingsway was the Viceroy’s Palace (Rashtrapati Bhavan).
  • The Secretariat buildings were situated on either sides of the avenue.
  • The architecture of these buildings were taken from different periods of India’s imperial history, but the overall look was Classical Greece.
  • The central dome of the Viceroy’s Palace was copied from the Buddhist stupa at Sanchi, and the red sandstone and carved screens or jails were borrowed from Mughal architecture.
  • The Viceroy’s Palace was higher than Shah Jahan’s Jama Masjid as the British wanted to assert their power.

Rajpath on Republic Day

Rashtrapati Bhavan

Secretariat buildings​

Fort Palace complex


Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name