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Flora and Fauna

Flora and fauna refer to plant and wildlife, respectively. Both are collective terms, referring to groups of plant or animals specific to a region or a time period.

By definition, flora is a word of Latin origin referring to Flora, the goddess of flowers.

Fauna is also of Latin origin. In Roman Mythology Fauna was the sister of Faunus, a good spirit of the forest and plains.

Why biologists and environmentalists study flora and fauna are:

  • Preservation and conservation
  • Gaining new biological understandings


    When we study about the flora and fauna of a region, it is essential to learn the concept of endemic species. Endemic species are those plants and animals which are found exclusively in a particular area. They are not naturally found anywhere else.


Two major reasons :
Endemic species can easily become endangered or extinct because of their restricted habitat and vulnerability to the actions of man. Some of the endemic plants and animals of India are shown below:




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