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Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan

Tipu sultan was known as the ‘Tiger of Mysore’.
Tipu Sultan was the first son of Haidar Ali. Tipu Sultan was a learned man and an able soldier. He was reputed to be a good poet.

  • Tipu Sultan ruled the state of Mysore from 1782 to 1799.
  • The state of Mysore controlled the spice trade on the Malabar Coast.

Malabar Coast & Spice Trade

  • The East India Company purchased pepper and Cardamom from this state.

  • In 1785 Tipu Sultan stopped the export of sandalwood, pepper and cardamom through the ports of his kingdom.

  • He barred local merchants from trading with East India Company.

  • Tipu Sultan then started trading with the French Merchants.

  • Tipu Sultan also took the help of the French to modernise his army.

  • The acts of Tipu Sultan made the British angry and they thought that the ‘Tiger of Mysore’ was being over ambitious and had to be controlled.

  • The East India Company waged 4 wars against Tipu Sultan from 1767 to 1799.

  • During the last war at Seringapatam, Tipu Sultan was killed, and the State of Mysore was handed over to the Wodeyars, who had ruled Mysore before Tipu Sultan.

  • The East India Company also imposed a subsidiary alliance on the State.

History of the Sword

The Sword of Tipu sultan

On the verge of defeat, Tipu lay critically injured in the battlefield. But he still had his favourite sword with him. It is said that a British soldier tried to snatch away the royal sword, but Tipu killed him with the same sword that he intended to possess!

After the war, the sword was sent to London with other plunder. After India's independence, it was brought back to India, only to be smuggled out as a collectible. The federal authorities seized it in 1988 and retained in India.


Tipu Sultan’s Palace at Srirangapatnam



Tipu’s Palace is a two-storied ornate wooden structure with pillars, arches and balconies flanked by gardens on either side. The construction of the palace of Tipu Sultan was started by Haider Ali and completed by Tipu Sultan.

The palace is described as the "Abode of Happiness".

This palace is beautifully decorated with floral motifs on the walls and ceilings. After the death of Tipu, the British used this building as their secretariat till 1867.


Remains of the great Warrior - Tipu sultan - ‘The Tiger of Mysore’.



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