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Before we go into the how, when and where of history let us see what we mean by history.

History, in its broadest sense, is the totality of all past events. A more practical definition would be, ‘a record of all known past events’. And Historiography is the written record of what is known of human lives and societies of the past. Recording history is very difficult as one has to uncover past events and record an intelligent and correct account of our pasts.

History as we know is all about dates. Let us see the events of our pasts that were recorded with dates.
We have records of…
  • When wars were fought
  • When kings were crowned
  • When Kings were over thrown

All the records of our pasts revolved around Kings and kingdoms.

Now let us think outside this box of Kings and Kingdoms.


What else would we like to know about our pasts?

Wouldn’t you like to know …

  • When the Indians started drinking tea?
  • How the people travelled from one place to another before vehicles were discovered?
  • What people did when there was no electricity?
  • How they took care of themselves when they were sick?
  • How they wrote when there was no paper?
  • How people who stayed far away get information when there were no news papers or telephones?
  • How people built houses in the olden days when there was no cement or bricks?
  • When people started weaving cloth or making glass?


The questions can be endless.

Knowing about all this is also History; interesting History!

As we are going to learn about Indian history let us see who first created the first map of India.

  • Major James Rennel was an English geographer, historian and a pioneer of oceanography. He prepared the Map of India as directed by Sir Robert Clive.

James Rennel's Map of India Showing the Southern Peninsula

Major James Rennel (1742-1830)


For your Information

Britannia is the name given to the female embodiment of Britain, always shown wearing a helmet and holding a trident (the symbol of power over the sea), hence the patriotic song which begins 'Rule Britannia, Britannia rule the waves'. The figure of Britannia has been on the reverse side of many British coins for more than 300 years.



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