IntroductionIndia became an Independent nation at the stroke of mid-night on the 15th of august, 1947.
Transfer of Power
Transfer of power. Mountbatten and Nehru at the microphone
Last Viceroy Lord Mountbatten salutes the Indian national flag hosted at India Gate as Lady Edwina and India's first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru looks on, during Independence Day celebrations, in New Delhi
India's first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru addressing teeming crowds from the ramparts of the historic Red Fort in the Indian capital on Aug 15, 1947, the day India gained independence from the British. From then on, successive prime ministers have used the backdrop of the 17th century fort to make their Independence Day speech to the nation.â€‹
India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru delivers his famous "tryst with destiny" speech on 15th August, 1947 at Parliament House in New Delhi
India faced many challenges after it gained independence. The partition of India created a lot of problems. 8 million refugees entered India from Pakistan. These people needed shelter and a livelihood.
The second biggest challenge that India faced was with the 500 princely states that existed. These states were ruled by Maharaja or Nawabs. They had to be persuaded to join the new Independent India and accept its governance.
Princely States in India
The problems faced by the entry of refugees and of the acceptance of the new government by the princely states had to be addressed immediately.