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Sanitation Facilities

  • Sanitation is measures taken up by the government to protect public health through proper solid waste disposal, sewage disposal, and cleanliness during food processing and preparation.

  • Good sanitation and safe drinking water are a must in prevention of water-borne diseases.

  • Proper sanitation is not available to many people in India.

  • According to official statistics taken in the year 2001, 68% of the households in India have access to drinking water while only 36% households have toilet facilities in their premises.

  • It is the poorer section of the population that lacks proper sanitation facilities.

Sulabh International

Sulabh International is an Indian based social service organization which works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education. The organization has 50,000 volunteers.

Sulabh was founded by Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak in 1970.

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak


The organization constructs and maintains pay-&-use public toilets, popularly known as Sulabh Complexes with bath, laundry and urinal facilities being used by about ten million people every day.

Sulabh Toilets

  • There are more than 7,500 public toilet blocks and 1.2 million private toilets.
  • The majority of the users of Sulabh facilities are from the poor working class.
  • Sulabh enters into contracts with municipalities or other local authorities to construct toilet blocks with government funds.
  • Local authorities provide land and funds for setting up the services, whereas maintenance costs are sometimes financed through user charges; for example, Re 1 is charged for use of the latrines in the cities.


The Census of India, 2001 puts rural household electrification at 44 per cent, leaving around 78 million households still in the dark.


Public facilities relate to our basic needs and the Indian Constitution recognises the right to water, heath and education as being a part of the Right to Life.

One of the major roles of the government is to ensure adequate public facilities for everyone.

There is a shortage and inequalities in supply. Compared to the metros and large cities, towns and villages are under-provided. Compared to wealthy localities, the poorer localities are under-serviced.

The most important aspect of Public facilities provided by the government is that every citizen of the country has a right to these facilities which should be provided to her/him in an equitable manner.


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