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  • During the colonial rule in India several new art forms, styles, materials and techniques were introduced.

  • ‘The Imperial Art’ that was prevalent in India can be classified into three categories, namely, Landscape painting, Portrait painting and History painting.

  • The paintings done by European Artists highlighted the culture, the power and the people of Britain.

  • Thomas Daniell and his nephew William Daniell were the most famous of the artists who painted these picturesque landscapes.

  • Like landscape painting, portrait painting was also very popular during the colonial period.

  • One of the most famous of the visiting European painters was Johann Zoffany.

  • Most of Johann Zoffany paintings have figures of Indian servants and the sprawling lawns of colonial mansions.

  • History paintings were paintings that depicted episodes from British imperial rule in India.

  • One of the first of these history paintings was produced by Francis Hayman in 1762.

  • Imperial history paintings created a lasting memory of the British victory in the British.

  • As the Imperial artist made their presence felt in India the fate of the Indian court artist was in question.

  • The Indian painters turned to the British to earn their livelihood.

  • During the 18th and 19th centuries, the British employed Indian artists to illustrate the manners and customs of India.

  • These works later became known as 'Company paintings'

  • In the nineteenth century a new world of popular art developed in many of the cities of India.

  • The new style developed around the pilgrimage centre of the temple of Kalighat.

  • The Kalighat Paintings are watercolour paintings done on mill-made paper.

  • Many of these Kalighat pictures were printed in large numbers and sold in the market.

  • Towards the end of the nineteenth century.

  • A new Indian style of art emerged.

  • Raja Ravi Varma was one of the first artists who tried to create a style that was both modern and national.

  • In Bengal, a new group of nationalist artists gathered around Abanindranath Tagore,

  • Abanindranath Tagore is regarded as the father of India’s modern art.

  • After the 1920s, a new generation of artists began to break away from the style popularised by Abanindranath Tagore.

  • New movements of art grew and styles of art changed.


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