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Khilafat Agitation


The Khilafat movement was a political campaign launched mainly by Muslims in South Asia to influence the British government and to protect the Ottoman Empire after World War I

  • In 1920 the movement gained force after the Treaty of Sèvres, which solidified the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.

  • Indian Muslims were keen that the Khalifa be allowed to retain control over Muslim sacred places in the erstwhile Ottoman Empire.

Ottoman Empire

  • The leaders of the Khilafat agitation, Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, now wished to initiate a full-fledged Non-Cooperation Movement.

  • Gandhiji supported the movement and asked the Congress to campaign against the Jallianwala massacre and demand for Swaraj.

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