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The March to Dandi

The Dandi March

  • The British introduced a law stating that the Government had control over the manufacture and sale of salt. It also imposed a tax on the sale of salt.

  • Mahatma Gandhi and other national leaders felt that it was wrong to impose tax on salt which was an essential commodity for food.

  • The leaders decided to oppose this tax.

  • In 1930, Gandhiji declared that he would lead a march to break the salt law.

  • The Salt March was related to the desire for freedom felt by everyone, the rich and the poor alike.

  • Gandhiji and his followers marched for over 240 miles from Sabarmati to the coastal town of Dandi where they broke the government law by gathering natural salt found on the seashore, and boiled sea water to produce salt.

Gandhiji gathering Natural Salt

  • Peasants, tribals and women participated in large numbers.

  • Pamphlets were published on the Salt Satyagraha.

  • The British government tried to crush the movement through fierce action against peaceful satyagrahis.

  • Thousands were sent to jail.

  • The Movement proved fruitful and the Government of India act was passed in 1935.

  • In 1937 the government announced elections to the provincial legislatures.

  • The Congress was victorious in 7 out of 11 provinces and formed governments in the 7 provinces.

In September 1939, after two years of Congress rule in the provinces, the Second World War broke out. Congress leader who did not like the ideology of Hitler supported the British in the Second World War In return for their support the Indians demanded greater freedom in their own country. The British were not willing to give India total freedom. Congress leaders protested against this and the non-violent civil disobedience movement continued with renewed strength under the leadership of Gandhiji.

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