Coupon Accepted Successfully!



Criminal justice system is the ‘body of law’ or ‘Court’ regulating the inquiry into whether a person has violated criminal law or not.

Criminal procedure can be traced as follows……

  • A crime is first reported by the victim to the Police
  • The police file a FIR or First Information Report
  • The police begin the investigation and arrest the suspected person or persons
  • The police then file a charge sheet in the Magistrate’s Court.
  • The trial begins in court
  • The accused can defend themselves with the help of a lawyer.
  • Once the trial is over the accused is either convicted or acquitted
  • If convicted, the accused can appeal to the higher court.
A fictional Case Study

Shanthi is a maid servant in the house of Mr. and Mrs. Shinde. Mrs. Shinde is not able to find her gold chain and she accuses Shanthi of stealing it.


Mr. Shinde reports the crime in the nearby police station and files a FIR stating that the gold chain is lost and he suspects his maid servant.


The police come to Mr. Shinde’s house and question Shanthi. They find Rs. 10,000 in her suitcase. The police seal the money and arrest Shanthi on suspicion.


Shanthi is put in jail. The police file a ‘charge sheet’ in the Magistrate’s court.

The case comes to trail. As Shanthi is not able to appoint a lawyer to defend herself, the court appoints a lawyer on her behalf.


During the trial it is established that the theft has been committed by some other persons and the Judge passed the verdict that Shanthi is not guilty and she is released. The amount of money that was taken from her was returned to her.


The above fictional case study clearly reveals that it is the court and not the police who decide whether a person is guilty or not.

The police help in the investigation, but it is the court that passes the verdict after a fair trial.

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name