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The peasants and the Sepoys

Initially, Kings and the Nawabs lost their power and then it was the turn of the peasants and the zamindars.


The peasants and the zamindars

  • The British imposed very high taxes and used strict methods to collect revenue.
  • The peasants and zamindars resented the high taxes and were unable to pay them.
  • They had to borrow money from money lenders and eventually lost the lands they had tilled for generations.
  • Thus the peasants and the Sepoys also lost their freedom and authority.

The Indian Sepoys


The next lot to be affected by reforms were the Indian Sepoys.

  • The Sepoys were unhappy about their pay, allowances and conditions of service.
  • The new rules violated religious sensibilities and beliefs.
  • In 1824 the Sepoys were asked to go to Burma by the sea route to fight for the Company. The Sepoys refused to do so as they believed that if they crossed the sea they would lose their religion and caste. The Sepoys were severely punished for not obeying the British.
  • In 1856 the Company passed a new law which stated that every new person who took up employment in the Company’s army had to agree to serve overseas if required.
  • The Sepoys were unhappy with this new law.

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