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Working towards Change

 The attitude towards women and social customs started changing from the early nineteenth century.


The changes took place due to various reasons.

  • Awareness was created among women and the society in general as people started reading more and more. People started reading books, newspapers, magazines, leaflets and pamphlets as they were much cheaper now.

  • There were debates and discussions about social customs and practices which also helped in creating awareness among the people.

Ordinary people could read and many of them could also write and express their ideas in their own languages. All kinds of issues like social, political, economic and religious issues were debated and discussed by men. These discussions brought about many changes. These debates were often initiated by Indian reformers and reform groups.

                                   Raja Rammohun Roy - Social Reformer

Raja Rammohun Roy


Ram Mohan Roy’s Brahmo Samaj, one of the first Indian socio-religious reform movements. His remarkable influence was apparent in the fields of politics, public administration and education as well as religion.

He is most known for his efforts to abolish the practice of sati. He introduced the word "Hinduism" into the English language in 1816.

  • Raja Rammohun Roy was a social reformer.

  • He started the Brahmo Samaj in Calcutta.

  • Rammohun Roy strongly felt that unjust practices against women had to end. He also felt that there were many changes that were necessary for the Indian society to develop.

  • Rammohun Roy and members of his Samaj felt that the best way to ensure such changes was by persuading people to give up old practices and adopt a new way of life.

  • He wanted to spread the knowledge of Western education in the country and bring about greater freedom and equality for women.

  • He wrote about the way women were forced to bear the burden of domestic work, confined to the home and the kitchen, and not allowed to move out and become educated.

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