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Lakes in India


Lakes in India

A lake is a body of water of considerable size contained on a body of land.

Lakes can be broadly divided into two:-


(i) Natural Lakes

(ii) Artificial Lakes

(i) Natural Lakes

A Natural Lake in a Mountain Valley


Natural Lakes are formed through a number of processes.

(i) A tectonic movement of a mountain range can create bowl-shaped depressions that accumulate water and form lakes.

(ii) Landslides or glacial blockages lead to lake formations.

(iii) Salt lakes form where there is no natural outlet. Here the water table has a higher than normal salt content.

(iv) Ox-bow lakes. are formed by a meandering river that flows across a flood plain and gets cut-off.

(v) Spits and bars form lagoons in the coastal areas.

Now let us look at the natural lakes in India.

There are many lakes in India. Most of them are permanent lakes, though some are seasonal. Most of the fresh water lakes can be found in the Himalayan region.

(i) The Wular lake in Jammu and Kashmir, is the result of tectonic activity. It is the largest freshwater lake in India.

(ii) The Sambhar lake in Rajasthan, is a salt water lake. Its water is used for producing salt.

(iii) The Chilika lake, the Pulicat lake  (lagoon lake) and the Kolleru lake. Ox-bow lakes.

(iv) The Dal lake, Bhimtal, Nainital, Loktak and Barapani are some of the other important fresh water lakes.

Now let us look at the world famous DAL LAKE in Srinagar, in Jammu & Kashmir.

The Dal Lake is a famous lake in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, in India. The lake is connected to a number of other small lakes of the Kashmir valley.

It is well known for its Victorian-era wooden houseboats. These house boats were originally built as vacation homes for landless British administrators during the British Raj.

The lake covers 18 square kilometers. During the winter season the lake sometimes freezes over.

The lake has some interesting flora and fauna. The flora include lotus flower, water lilies and water chestnuts. Notable birds are kingfishers and heron.

Apart from the house-boats the Shikaras, or the covered boats are a great tourist attraction.



Lakes of India

Pushkar Lake - Rajasthan

Char Chinar Lake - Jammu & Kashmir
Shikara Lake - Jammu & Kashmir
Periyar Lake - Kerala
Lonar Lake - Maharashtra
Ladakh Lake - Jammu &
Chilka Lake - Orissa
Wullar Lake - Jammu & Kashmir

Artificial Lakes

Many lakes are artificial and are constructed for hydro-electric power supply, recreational purposes, industrial use, agricultural use, or domestic water supply.

Guru Gobind Sagar is an example of an artificial lake. It supports the Bhakra Nangal Hydel Project.

Lakes whether they are natural or artificial are of great value to human beings.

(i) A lake helps to regulate the flow of a river.

(ii) It prevents flooding and promotes agriculture.

(iii) During the dry season, it helps to maintain an even flow of water and provides water for domestic proposes.

(iv) Lakes are used for developing Hydro-electric power.

(v) They infulence the climate in the surrounding region.

(vi) Lakes maintain the aquatic ecosystem.

(vii) They enhance natural beauty and help develop tourism and provide recreation.


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