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Major River System


The physical features of India are such that the drainage systems are determined by them. The major river systems in India can be classified into:-

(i) The Himalayan Rivers

(ii) The Peninsular Rivers


First let us look at these rivers.

(i) The Himalayan Rivers


Himalayan  Rivers


Himalayan River


The Himalayan rivers are perennial. They flow through out the year. They are fed by rain water and water from the melting snow, from the snow capped Himalayan mountains.

The two major Himalayan rivers are the Indus and the Brahmaputra.

These rivers flow a long distance from their source in the mountains to the sea.

The rivers cut through the mountains forming gorges.

A Gorge


As these rivers flow from the mountains they carry a large amount of silt and sand along with them.

As the rivers flow through the plains they form lakes and water bodies.

Large fertile delta regions are developed as these Himalayan rivers merge with the sea.

Delta Region


(ii) The Peninsular Rivers

The Peninsular rivers

The Narmada, a Peninsular River


1. The Peninsular Rivers are seasonal. They do not flow through out the year. They are dependent on the rainfall in that region.

2. These rivers are not as long as the Himalayan rivers.

3. Most of the Peninsular Rivers start from the Western Ghats and flow towards the Bay of Bengal.

4. Some Peninsular Rivers start in the High lands and flow westwards.

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