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  • In a democracy it is neither possible nor necessary for people to govern directly.
  • Elections take place regularly in any democracy.
  • A democracy requires a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to do so.
  • The best mechanism is election which is considered essential in our times for any representative democracy.
  • All democratic countries hold elections. There are countries where elections are held but they cannot be called democratic elections.
  • There are many merits and demerits in the process of election.
  • Our system of Election can be called 'General Elections.
  • In our country, elections are held every five years for the Central Government and State Government.
  • In our country we follow an area-based system of representation, these areas are called electoral constituencies.
  • The Indian Constitution gives the right to all its citizens to elect its representatives and also a chance to be elected as a representative.
  • Some constituencies are reserved for people who belong to the Scheduled Castes [SC] and Scheduled Tribes [ST].
  • Once the constituencies are decided, the next step is to decide who can and who cannot vote.
  • In the last few years a new system of Election Photo Identity Card [EPIC] has been introduced.
  • Anyone who can be a voter can also become a candidate in elections, but the only difference is that in order to be a candidate the minimum age is 25 years, while it is only 18 years for being a voter.
  • If Educational qualifications is made compulsory many uneducated people in India may lose their opportunity to stand for elections. This would go against the spirit of democracy.
  • Election campaigns help the voter to know more about the candidates , the Political Party they represent and the Party's policies.
  • Election campaigns take place for a two-week period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling.
  • The final stage of an election is the day when the voters cast their vote. This day is usually called the election day.
  • In India, an independent and very powerful Election Commission (EC) conducts the elections and it ensures free and fair elections.
  • If all the citizens of a country participate in the election with enthusiasm and free-will, then it means that the elections in that country are free and fair.
  • The ultimate test of free and fair election is the acceptance of the election results by the voters.
  • The party that wins an election and forms government does so because people have chosen it over its rivals.
  • Citizens, social activists and organisations are demanding reforms in our electoral system, to eliminate the few draw-backs and make it perfect for the future.

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