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Dutch Scientific Forestry

Forest in Java

In the nineteenth century, the Dutch enacted forest laws in Java.
They also restricted villagers' access to forests.
At that time, wood could only be cut for specified purposes like a making river boats or constructing houses, and only from specific forests and that too under close supervision.
As in India, the need for shipbuilding and railways led to the Forests Act.

Samin’s Challenge
Around 1890, Surontiko Samin of Randublatung village, a teak forest village , began his rebel against the Dutch.
Soon there was a wide spread movement.

War and Deforestation

The Impact  of War on Forests

The First and Second World War had a major impact on the forests.
In India, a number of forests were cleared, as there was a necessity for large amounts of wood for the British.
In Java, huge logs of timber were burnt as the Dutch did not want those logs to go to the hands of the Japanese.
The Japanese exploited the forests recklessly for their own war industries.

New Developments in Forestry
Since 1980, the scientific forestry of keeping the forest communities away from the forests has created a lot of problem.
Preservation of forests became a necessity.
In most parts of India, the villagers took the imitative measures to preserve the forests.
They started guarding their forests in turns.

Foot Note

Scientists have come to realise the important role forests play in maintaining the ecological balance of our globe. The impending dangers, due to global warming ,can be, to some extent nullified , if forests are preserved and increased. Bearing this in mind ‘ aforestation’ programmes are being taken- up all over the world.


Afforestation is the process of establishing a forest on land that is not a forest, or has not been a forest for a long time by planting trees or their seeds. The term may also be applied to the legal conversion of land into the status of royal forest.

Since the industrial revolution many countries have experienced centuries of deforestation, and governments and Non-governmental organisations (NGO's) directly engage in programs of afforestation to provide the benefits of a forest.

The term reforestation generally refers to the reestablishment of the forest shortly after its removal, for example from a timber harvest.

‘Grow Trees and preserve your land’

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