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To Obtain Different Gases from Air

Air can be separated into components by fractional distillation. The below flow diagram shows the steps of the process in the separation of components of air.



To separate the oxygen gas present in air, all the other gases present in the air should be separated. By increasing the pressure, the air can be compressed. The compressed air is allowed to cool by decreasing its temperature and the air gets liquefied. The liquefied air is allowed to pass into a fractional distillation column. Depending upon their boiling point different gases get separated at different heights.


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