Coupon Accepted Successfully!



  • Natural Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region and Wildlife refers to all non-domesticated animals, and other organisms.
  • The flora and fauna of a region, depends on 2 major factors; relief and climate.
  • An ecosystem is a natural system consisting of plants, animals and micro-organisms in a region. It functions with all the non-living physical factors of the environment.
  • In an ecosystem all plants and animals are interdependent and interrelated to each other.
  • A large ecosystem on land which has distinct types of vegetation and animal life is called a biome.
  • India’s natural vegetation has undergone many changes. The reasons are:
    i. The growing demand for cultivated land

    ii. Development of industries and mining

    iii. Urbanisation and over-grazing of pastures
  • The Natural vegetation of India are:

    i. Tropical rain forest or tropical evergreen forest

    ii. Tropical deciduous forest or tropical monsoon forest

    iii. Thorn or scrub forest

    iv. Mountain forest

    v. Mangrove forest or tidal forest.
  • India has innumerable varieties of animals and birds.
  • Every species has a role to play in the ecosystem. So conservation of the ecosystem is essential.
  • Steps taken by the Indian Government to protect the flora and fauna of the county.

I. Fourteen regions have been declared as biosphere reserves

II. Financial and technical assistance is being provided to many Botanical Gardens by the government since 1992.

III. Project Tiger, Project Rhino, Project Great Indian Bustard and many other eco - developmental projects have been launched to preserve the fauna of this nation.

IV. 89 National Parks, 49 Wildlife sanctuaries and Zoological gardens have been set up to take care of Natural heritage.

Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation project initiated in India in 1972 to protect the Bengal Tigers

Let each one of us as citizens of this country, do our little bit to perverse the ecosystem.

Let us not pollute our land and waters.

Let us not kill the animals or birds of our land.

Let us spread the awareness of the need to preserve our environment for the future.

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name