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Poverty in India

When we talk about poverty in India let us first see what indicates poverty in India:

  • The levels of income and consumption.
  • Illiteracy level
  • An analysis of the poor in India shows that they are a socially vulnerable group today.
  • The poor are forced to live in poor surroundings with other poor people, excluded from enjoying social equality of better -off people in better surroundings.
  • Social exclusion is sometime the cause for poverty, just as Social exclusion is the result of poverty.
  • Socially the poor are excluded from facilities, benefits and opportunities the rich enjoy.
  • The caste system in India is a major cause for the lack of equal opportunities for the poor.
  • Social exclusion can cause emotional damage than having a very low income.
  • Vulnerability to poverty
    Some groups of people in society are considered to be helpless of becoming poor due to certain circumstances.

    First let us see who these people are, who are vulnerable to poverty.

    The Vulnerable Group

    The reasons for this vulnerability are

  • They do not have access to education, health and job opportunities.
  • They are at a greater risk in times of natural disasters like earthquakes and tsunami and terrorism.
  • Lack of general resistance due to malnutrition,
    • Members of a backward cast.
    • Widows
    • Physically handicapped persons
    • Lack of access to healthcare
    • Lack of job opportunities
    • Lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation

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