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Lenin’s Early Measures


Lenin came down heavily upon the large landowners and the capitalists and seized their properties. All the lands which belonged to the rich people, were distributed to the poor peasants. The factories were taken over by the government and handed over to the committee members, elected by workers who were to run it. The banks were nationalized and the depositors lost their money. Lenin implemented New Economic Policy (NEP) in 1921. A stable currency was introduced. Russia’s economic health improved with the adoption of public and private enterprises. A new constitution was drawn up in 1923. Lenin died in 1924 and Joseph Stalin succeeded him.

Joseph Stalin


Stalin headed the Party after the death of Lenin. He introduced firm measures, like the Collectivisation Programme.

At the time of the second World War Russia had given socialism a global face.

By the end of the twentieth century Russia international repute as a socialist country began to decline.

Let us learn a Little about Today’s Russia


Formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Russia became the Russian Federation following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. After the Soviet era, the area, population, and industrial production of the Soviet Union (then one of the world's two Cold War superpowers, the other one being the United States) that were located in Russia passed on to the Russian Federation.

After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the newly-independent Russian Federation emerged as a great power and is also considered to be an energy superpower. Russia is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters and is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It is also one of the five recognised nuclear weapons states and possesses the world's largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is the leading nation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, a member of the G8 as well as other international organisations.

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