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The Revolution and Everyday Life

The Revolutionary government brought forth many changes in the lives of men, women and children in France. It passed a number of laws to establish the ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. The Declaration of Rights of Men and Citizen made freedom of speech and expression as a natural right. Censorship was abolished. The freedom of press allowed the people to express opposing views. Thus, the people were able to understand the ideals of liberty and justice, which were explained by the political philosophers.


Napoleon Bonaparte



Became the emperor of France in 1804. He conquered the neighbouring countries. Dynasties were thrown out and in its place new kingdoms were established.

As a modernizer of Europe he introduced many laws such as – protection of private property, uniform system of weights and measures based on decimal system.

In the beginning he appeared like a liberator but soon his army was seen as an invading force all over Europe.In1815 Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo.

The Legacy of French Revolution

  • Ideas of liberty and democratic rights.
  • Feudal system was abolished in Europe.
  • Colonies of the European powers began to demand freedom following the French example to create a sovereign nation state.
  • In India, Tipu Sultan and Ram Mohan Roy were inspired by the ideals for which the French fought.

France as it is Today


French Republic




Motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
Anthem "La Marseillaise”
Government Semi-presidential unitary republic
Capital Paris
Official languages French

Nicolas Sarkozy

President Nicolas Sarkozy
Prime Minister François Fillon
Accession to the European Union March 25, 1957
Current constitution 1958 (5th Republic)

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