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Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease that permanently disables the body’s immune system. It is caused by a virus that attacks the immune system and makes the victim a helpless prey for other diseases like pneumonia, meningitis or cancer, and finally leads to death.

The causative agent of AIDS is the Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV). When HIV enters the body, it seeks out special cells that helps lymphocytes produce antibodies. Once inside, the HIV either reproduces so quickly that it destroys its host cells, or replicates slowly sending out more virus particles to attack other helper cells.

AIDS is believed to be transmitted by the passage of body fluids. HIV can be transmitted from an infected person to a healthy individual in three ways.

1. By sharing needles or syringes in the use of intravenous drugs.

2. From a mother to a child during pregnancy, at the time of birth or immediately after birth.

3. Through sexual intercourse.


Symptoms of AIDS include weight loss, prolonged fever, persistent cough, chronic diarrhoea etc.

There is no effective cure for AIDS. Scientists are trying to develop a vaccine to prevent infection by HIV.

People should be made aware as how to protect themselves against infection by HIV.

1. Individuals should not have sexual relationship with infected persons. (People should not have any extra-martial relationship).

2. People who receive blood should ensure that it is not infected with HIV. Blood donations should be accepted only if they are from approved blood banks.

3. People who are HIV positive should not donate blood or body organs.

4. People should not share razors, toothbrushes or items that might cause cuts and carry infected blood.

5. Intravenous drug users should not share hypodermic needles.

By the beginning of 1986, in Africa many children under thirteen were diagnosed as being AIDS victims. This disease was transmitted to the children through their mothers either in the uterus or during delivery. These mothers were mostly intravenous drug abusers who shared hypodermic needles.
It is very essential to create awareness regarding the spread of AIDS, especially in developing countries. Many social welfare organizations have already taken up the project on a war footing as AIDS is spreading throughout the world at an alarming pace.

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