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The bite of a rabid dog (mad dog) and some other rabid mammals such as monkeys, cats or rabbits may cause rabies, which is fatal. Rabies is a viral disease caused by a rabies virus present in the saliva of the infected animals. Disease is not expressed after infection even up to 1 to 3 months.

Mode of transmission of rabies disease.


Rabies is characterized by severe headache, high fever, painful contraction of muscles of throat and chest. The patient feels restless, does excessive salivation and finds difficulty even in taking food. This disease is also referred to as hydrophobia as the patient develops fear for water.

Cleaning the wound with carbolic soap and clear water immediately after the dog bite is an important preventive measure. Any antiseptic medicine should be applied to the wound caused by dog bite. A doctor should be immediately consulted for application of anti-rabies vaccine to the patient.

Rabies can be treated with Pasteur’s treatment, in which a course of 14 vaccines was given. Currently 5 anti-rabies vaccines are prescribed at an interval of 0-3-7-14-30 days of bite. 

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