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  • In a democracy the rulers have to follow some rules and procedures.
  • Parliament consists of two Houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
  • Governing a country involves in various activities like, ensuring security to the citizens, collecting taxes and spending the money thus raised on administration, defence and development programs and formulates and implements several welfare schemes.
  • In all democracies, an assembly of elected representatives exercises supreme political authority on behalf of the people.
  • When we talk about ‘the government’ we usually mean the executive.
  • One that is elected by the people for a specific period is called the political executive.
  • Cabinet Ministers are usually top-level leaders of the ruling party or parties who are in charge of the major ministries.
  • Ministers of State with independent charge are usually in-charge of smaller Ministries.
  • Ministers of State are attached to and required to assist Cabinet Ministers.
  • As head of the government, the Prime Minister has wide ranging powers.
  • The Indian judiciary consists of a Supreme Court for the entire nation, High Courts in the states, District Courts and the courts at local level. India has an integrated judiciary.

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