There are few sentences in each question. Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicized/highlighted. From the italicized/highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then choose the best option.
i. The college affected [A]/effected [B] a new policy on leave encashment by teachers.
ii. The rationale [A]/rational [B] behind current curricula is that students need to learn language and thinking skills, not specific information.