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A person’s entire body surface continuously sheds dead skin cells. The shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp is known as dandruff or in medical term called pityriasis simplex.The dry scaly condition is white in colour and usually found over the entire scalp.


The most common symptom of dandruff is scaling. Itching is occasionally present. The small white flakes are further scattered over the hair shaft and shoulders by scratching, brushing or combing.

The reasons for dandruff are:

  • Excessive use of hair sprays and gels
  • Improper use of hair colouring products
  • Excessive use of hot hair dryer
  • Cold weather and indoor heating
  • Tight fitting hats and scarves
  • Infrequent shampooing of the hair
  • Stress anxiety and tension

The condition may remain as a minor irritation throughout a persons life.

As a result of the patchy scaling, the scalp reacts to the cruff by secreting a fluid which causes the scales to stick to the scalp and have a yellowish and waxy appearance.

The condition may spread to the adjacent areas of the head, midline of the head and to the front of the chest and back.

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