General Virology and DNA Viruses
A 21-year-old man visits the student health center suffering from a sore throat, swollen glands, fatigue, and a temperature of 39. 4Â°C (103Â°F). Examination of the patient's peripheral blood smear shows 10 percent atypical lymphocytes, an elevated white blood cell count, and a positive heterophile antibody test. The patient asks for antimicrobial therapy. Which of the following statements would best dictate the clinician's response?
|A||Alpha-interferon is helpful in EBV infections but has multiple side effects.|
|B||Ribavirin is effective in patients over 60 years.|
|C||Attenuated-viral vaccine has been developed but not effective in this case because the infection has already occurred.|
|D||There is no effective treatment.|
a. Currently, there are no effective treatments or vaccines available for EBV infection.
b. Ribavirin is useful in treating respiratory syncytial virus-related and hepatitis C virus-related infections, while alpha-interferon has been used in treating the following viral infections: condyloma acuminatum, chronic hepatitis B and C, and Kaposi sarcoma.