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Last Minute Revision Points

  1. Lepra cells are: Histiocytes
  2. The most diagnostic test for SLE is : Antibodies against DNA
  3. Rosette arrangement of cells is seen in : Retinoblastoma
  4. Heart: can not undergo hyperplasia
  5. Hereditary factor are important in : Retinoblastoma, breast carcinoma
  6. Dystrophic calcification is not seen in : Hematoma
  7. Lines of Zahn are seen in : Primary platelet thrombus
  8. Transudates : has specific gravity less than 1.002, results from hydrostatic alterations arise in the vascular endothelium
  9. Amyloid (AA) originates from: Plasma cells
  10. Fibrinoid necrosis is not seen in : dm
  11. Prolonged P-R interval: is not major criteria of rheumatic fever
  12. The most common primary tumor of heart is: Myxoma
  13. The type of involvement of the heart in rheumatic fever is : Pancarditis
  14. Atrial myxoma commonly arises from: Left atrium
  15. Most common cause of aortic aneurysm is : Atherosclerosis
  16. Most common site of myocardial infarction is: Anterior wall of left ventricle
  17. Concentric myocardial hypertrophy is seen in : Congestive cardiomyopathy
  18. Asbestos: is associated with Ca lung
  19. Commonest type of Emphysema is : Centriacinar
  20. The commonest type of bronchogenic Ca in non-smoker is: Adenocarcinoma
  21. Alpha -I-antitrypsin deficiency occurs in : Emphysema
  22. Gray hepatization of lungs is seen on day: 3-5
  23. Pneumonia alba is caused by : Mycobacteria
  24. Most sensitive liver function test to differentiate type of jaundice is : Urine urobilinogen
  25. Gamma gandy bodies are not seen in spleen in : Thalassanemia
  26. Mallory hyaline bodies are not present in : Primary biliary cirrhosis
  27. Papillary necrosis of kidney is seen in : DM, Analgesic nephropathy, Acute pyelonephritis Micronodular cirrhosis is not seen in : Budd Chiari syndrome
  28. The carcinoma of pancreas usually originate in the: Duct epithelium
  29. Most common site of leiomyoma is : Stomach
  30. Lardaceous' spleen is seen in : Amyloidosis
  31. The most common type of malignancy of renal pelvis is : Transitional cell carcinoma
  32. DM: is not a cause of granular contracted kidneys
  33. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is histologically characterised by the presence of numerous: Hyalinized, sclerotic glomeruli
  34. Periglomerular fibrosis is considered typical of: Chronic pyelonephritis
  35. Elevated specific gravity: is the most specific to renal parenchymal disease
  36. Commonest type of intracranial tumour is : Secondaries
  37. The macrophages in the brain are: Microglia
  38. Commonest cause of cerebral infarction is : Arterial thrombosis
  39. The commonest cause of intracranial metastasis is malignancy of: Lungs
  40. The most common change in brain tissue due to ageing is: Atrophy of neurons
  41. Damage to nervous tissue is repaired by : Neuroglia
  42. Response to iron in iron deficiency anemia is denoted by : Reticulocytosis
  43. TB : may be transmitted by blood
  44. Leukoerythroblastic reaction is not seen in : Hemolytic anemia
  45. Reactivated TB is seen most commonly located near: Apex
  46. Sideroblastic anemia is seen in chronic poisoning of: Leatfl
  47. How long can blood be stored with CTD-A : 35days
  48. 'Stress' lymphocytes are seen in downey type II infectious mononucleosis
  49. Echinocytes are types of: RBC's
  50. Bone tumor arising from epiphysis is : Giant cell tumor
  51. Calcification front in bone biopsy can be visualized by using stain: Masson's trichrome
  52. Tumor originates from diaphysis: Ewing's sarcoma
  53. The commonest diaphysial tumor is : Ewing's sarcoma
  54. The commonest malignant bone tumor is : Multiple myeloma
  55. Bone tumor arising from metaphysis: Osteoid osteoma
  56. Para thyroid: is most often involved in multiple endocrine neoplasia-I
  57. Commonest pathological cause of hyper corticism is : Hyperplasia
  58. Hurthle cells are seen in : Hashimoto's thyroiditis
  59. The most common primary malignant tumour of the thyroid is : Papillary carcinoma
  60. APUD cells are seen in : Bronchial carcinoid
  61. Ca thyroid with good prognosis: Papillary
  62. The most common site for Amebiasis: Caecum
  63. Sickle cell anemia: is due to a point mutation
  64. Spontaneous regression though rare is seen in : Neuroblastoma
  65. Malignant change in Nevus is characterized by : Increase in size
  66. Mycosis fungoides belongs to : Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma groups
  67. HLA complex in man is located on chromosome: 6
  68. Coomb's test (direct) is positive with : Ig G
  69. Medullary carcinoma thyroid is associated with: Amyloid stroma, Carcinoid
  70. Luke's classification is associated with: Lymphoma
  71. White infarcts are not seen in : Liver
  72. Linzenmeier is used to measure: ESR.
  73. Pipestem cirrhosis is seen in : Schistosomiasis
  74. Most sensitive liver function test is : Prothrombin time
  75. Sequestration of lung is seen in : Posterior part of left lung
  76. In virchow's triad for thrombosis, hypoproteinemia is not included
  77. To differentiate benign and malignant ulcer, best is : Endoscopy and biopsy
  78. Oncocytes are not found in : Pineal body
  79. Coagulative necrosis as a primary even most often seen in : CNS
  80. Metastatic calcification is most often seen in : Lungs
  81. Hutchinson's secondaries in skull are due to tumors in: Adrenals
  82. Rosette shaped arrangement of cells are seen in : Ependymoma
  83. First sign of wound injury is: Dilatation of capillaries
  84. Pseudopolyposis is seen in : Ulcerative colitis
  85. The commonest site of diverticulosis is : Sigmoid colon
  86. Deletion of short arm of chromosome 11 is seen in : Wilm's tumor
  87. Increase in alkaline phosphatase is seen in : Leukemoid reaction
  88. Asbestosis: will develop into lung cancer
  89. Scar in lung tissue develops into: Squamous cell carcinoma
  90. Anemia in human is caused by which worm: Hook worm
  91. Ascending aorta involvement is the commonest site of which aneurysm: Syphilitic
  92. To test hepatic function to assess bleeding disorder clinical test done is : PTT
  93. Beta macroglobulin is derived from: B-cells
  94. Tissue thromboplastin activates : ~Factor-VII
  95. GABA: is a inhibitory transmitter
  96. In sickle cell anemia defect is in :b-chain
  97. Chromosome 15,17 translocation is seen in : Acute promyelocytic leukemia
  98. Damage to nervous tissue is repaired by : Neuroglia
  99. Mycosis fungoides : Cutaneous lymphoma
  100. The highest malignant potential is seen in : Familial polyposis
  101. The highest ESR is not seen in : Polycythemia rubra
  102. Secondary amyloidosis complicates: Chronic osteomyelitis
  103. The earliest feature of TB is: Lymphocytosis
  104. The low grade non-hodgkins lymphoma is : Follicular
  105. Liuefactive necrosis is seen in : Brain
  106. Increased hapto globulin : is not features of hemolytic anemia
  107. The crescent forming glomerulonephritis is: RPGN
  108. Decreased fibrinogen products : are untrue of D.I. coagulation
  109. Earliest feature of correction of IDA is : Reticulocytosis
  110. Kupffer's cells are found in : Liver
  111. Heart failure cells are found in : Lungs
  112. Psammoma bodies show: Dystrophic calcification
  113. Beta-microglobulin: is not a tumor marker
  114. Commonest benign tumor of liver : Hemangioma
  115. Blood when stored at 4 degree celcius can be kept for: 21 days
  116. Congo-red with amyloid produces: Brilliant pink colour
  117. Oedema is caused by fall in plasma proteins below: 5%
  118. Cloudy swelling does not occurs in : Lungs
  119. Gamma Gandy bodies contains hemosiderin and : Ca++
  120. Hutchinson's secondaries in skull are due to tumors in : Adrenals
  121. Albumino -cytologic dissociation occurs in cases of: Guillain Barre syndrome
  122. Metastatic calcification is most often seen in : Lungs
  123. ASLO Titres are used in the diagnosis of: Acute rheumatic fever
  124. Apoptosis is inhibited by : bcl-2
  125. An example of a tumour suppressor gene is : myC
  126. CEA: is not used as a tumor marker in testicular tumours
  127. Mitral valve vegetations do not embolise usually to: Lungs
  128. The least common cause of calcification in the lung is : Amyloidosis
  129. Onion peel appearance of splenic capsule is seen in : SLE
  130. Lardaceous spleen is due to deposition of amyloid in : Sinusoids of red pulp
  131. CD-I0 is seen in : ALL
  132. Most common valve not involved in rheumatic fever: Tricuspid
  133. HMB 45 is a marker for: Melanoma
  134. Hepatocytes: is not a labile cell
  135. Antiglaidin antibodies are seen in : Celiac disease
  136. Focal diffuse gall bladder wall thickening with comet tail reverberation artifacts on USG is in : Adenomyomatosis of gall bladder
  137. Organelle that plays a pivotal role in apoptosis : Golgi complex
  138. 1n myocardial infarction, microscopic picture of coagulation necrosis with neutrophilic infiltration is seen in : 1-3days
  139. Microalbuminuria is defamed as protein levels of: 151-200mg1L
  140. Paneth cells contain: Zinc
  141. Psammoma bodies are not seen in : Follicular Ca thyroidal
  142. Sickle cell Red blood cells: Protective against adult malaria
  143. BRCA-l gene lies on chromosome: 17
  144. Common complement component for both the pathways is : C3
  145. Hypersensitivity vasculitis is seen in : Postcapillary venules
  146. Essential for tumour metastasis is : Angiogenesis
  147. Onion skin thickening of arteriolar wall is seen in: Hyperplastic arteriosclerosis
  148. Most potent stimulator of Naive T-cell is : Mature dendritic cells
  149. Bone infarcts are seen in : Sickle cell anemia
  150. Periodic acid Schiff stain shows block positivity in : Lymphoblasts
  151. Perioral pallor and Dermie's line are seen in : Atopic dermatitis
  152. Abciximab: is not tumour necrosis factor blocking agents
  153. Berger nephropathy is due to mesangial deposition of: IgA and C3
  154. The most common site of ectopic phaeochromocytoma is : Organ of Zuckerkand
  155. The tumour causing polycythemia due to erythropoietin production is : Cerebellar hemangioma
  156. Thrombocytopenia due to increased platelet destruction is seen in : Systemic lupus erythematosus
  157. C-C beta chemokine includes: Eotaxin
  158. The most common gene defect in idiopathic steroid resistance nephritic syndrome: NPHS 2
  159. Mercury affects which part of kidney: pct
  160. Brain natriuretic peptide is degraded by : Neutral endopeptidase
  161. Nitroblue tetrazolium test is used for: Phagocytosis
  162. Annexin V is a marker of: Apoptosis
  163. Tumorgenesis in aging is due to : Telomerase reactivation
  164. Pauci immune glomerulonephritis is seen in : Microscopic polyangitis
  165. HLA is present on chromosome: Short arm chromosome 6
  166. Omphalocele: is associated with >20% risk of chromosomal anomalies.
  167. Karyotyping under light microscopy done by: G-banding
  168. M1C-2 positive in: Ewing's sarcoma
  169. Stain used in identifying fungi is : Methanamine silver
  170. Caspases are involved in : Organogenesis
  171. In apoptosis , the chief organelle involved: Mitochondria
  172. Juvenile polyp: is not premalignant
  173. Paneth cells characterized by : More number of lysosomal enzyme
  174. Most characteristic features of acute inflammation is : Vasodilation and increased vascular permeability
  175. CD 34 : is not B cell marker
  176. Low serum haptoglobin in hemolysis is marked by: Bile duct obstruction
  177. Clue cells are found in : Bacterial vaginosis
  178. Elevated AFP levels are not seen in: Seminoma
  179. Defective DNA repair is associated with: Xeroderma pigmentosa
  180. C in CRP stands for: Capsular polysaccharide of pneumococcus
  181. Necrotizing lymphadenitis is seen in : Kikuchi disease
  182. Choledocholithiasis: is not a high risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma
  183. Kawasaki disease: is not a common cause of vasculitis in adults
  184. Poor prognostic indicator in ALL: Age <2year
  185. ABO antigens are not found in: Saliva
  186. Serum alkaline phosphate is low in : hyperphosphatemia
  187. Interleukin responsible for pyrexia is : ILIB
  188. High hematocrit: is not seen in sickle cell anemia
  189. High risk of malignancy is seen in : Complex hyperplasia with atypia
  190. Mallory hyaline is characteristic feature of: Alcoholic liver disease
  191. Most common cause of death in primary amyloidosis is : Cardiac failure
  192. Anti-saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies are seen in: Crohn's disease
  193. GP 120 ·is for virus attachment
  194. Mutation of keratin 1 and 10 are associated with : Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis
  195. Inflammatory bowel disease with transmural involvement and skip lesions is : Crohn's disease
  196. Barrett's esophagus is: Columnar metaplasia
  197. Caspases is : Involved in apoptosis
  198. Mutation in Marfan's syndrome is: Fibrillin I
  199. In Von Willebrand disease, there is : Factor VIII deficiency
  200. Glucose is used in stored blood to : Provide nutrition
  201. Chronic persistent and chronic active hepatitis are differentiated by : Liver biopsy
  202. Fixation used for bone histopathology :10% formalin
  203. Prostate gland has: 4 zones
  204. Ligase enzyme: is not used in PCR
  205. Prolonged PT and normal PTT may be found in : Vit K deficiency
  206. Best way to diagnose amyloidosis: Rectal biopsy primary
  207. Type of nephropathy in DM : Nodular,
  208. Secretory antibody is: IgA
  209. Bevacizumab: Monoclonal Ab against VEGA
  210. Platelet dense alpha granules doesnot contain: Alpha
  211. A CP enzyme: is not associated with liver disease
  212. Ca tongue stained by: Toludine blue
  213. A women present with megaloblastic anemia. Dysphagia has: Plummer Vinson syndrome

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