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  1. Commonest haematological malignancy in children: ALL
  2. In sickle cell anaemia p chain afJectecf2
  3. The most common complications measles is :  (1). Otitis media, (2). Pneumonia
  4. Acute stage of poliomyelitis lasts for : 10 to 15 days
  5. Commonest cause of jaundice in a new born with in 24 hrs: Rh- iso-immunisation
  6. Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in new born is caused by following: breast milk jaundice, spherocytosis,
  7. Gilbert's syndrome
  8. Following are seen In necrotising enterocolitis: abdominal distention, intestinal perforation, gangrene of bowel
  9. In Down's syndrome Endocardial cushion defect is common.
  10. Heart failure is Not seen in ASD.
  11. Pansystolic murmur is Not caused by MS.
  12. In RICKETS Vit. D is given in form of 1,25 dihydroxy cholecalciferol
  13. Klinefelter's syndrome: 47xxy
  14. Most common cause of hypertension in child: chronic Glomerulonephritis
  15. Commonest cause of stridor in new born: laryngomalacia
  16. E.coli bacteria most often responsible for UTi in childhood
  17. 90% cases of Minimal change disease respond to Steroid therapy
  18. Commonest cause of meningitis in post natal period is: Strep. Pneumoniae
  19. Febrile convulsion follows high fever.
  20. In hyperparathyroidism Ca + increases and P04 decreases
  21. Precocious puberty is seen in : McCune Albright syndrome
  22. Recurrent respiratory infections occur in the following diseases: Bronchiectasis ,ASD, Wheezy brollchitisQ
  23. Down's syndrome is Trisomy of chromosome : 21
  24. Moro's reflex abnormal after: 12 weeks/3 months
  25. Commonest leukemia in children is : ALLQ
  26. In children Craniobates is found in : Rickets, Hydrocephalus, Syphilis
  27. NOT seen in Fallot's Tetralogy :ASDQ
  28. CHF in children best diagnosed by: Tachycardia and tender hepatomegaly
  29. APGAR score of a child born blue with HR 70/mt. Floppy with feeble cry with grimacing on nasal suction is: 3
  30. A child with diarrhoea has deep and rapid respiration. Diagnosis is: Metabolic acidosisQ
  31. The percentage rise in length of infant in 1st yr. Of life: 50%
  32. The most common cause of under 5 mortality is: respiratory infection
  33. A neonate after 12 hrs. Of birth passes black colored meconium it is : Normal Findings
  34.  35 Fetal movements NOT used to assess IUGR .
  35. Sure sign of CCF in an infant is : liver enlargement
  36. 15 months old child does: Feeds himself, says 3 words, creeps upstairs
  37. At age of12 mnths/1 yr Q Child sees the toy and then again hides it and gives to mother if she asks for.
  38. Commonest nephritic syndrome in child is Minimal change disease:
  39. A six yrs. Old girl child presents with spotting, no secondary sexual characteristic present is due to : Foreign body
  40. Metabolic acidosis is accompanied with: Acetazolamide
  41. Systemic infection of diphtheria and commonest cause of death in diptheric child is: Myocarditis
  42. Best method of diagnosis of HIV in childhood: P24 antigen
  43. Hyaline membrane disease is seen in following: Radiation pneumnitis, viral pneumonitis, uremic pneumonitis
  44. Attainment of weight in a preschool normal child is: 3-3.5 kg
  45. Sub acute sclerosing pan encephalitis is complication of: Measles
  46. Casoni's test is diagnostic of: Echinococcus Granulosum
  47. Epiphyseal dysgenesis is a pathognomonic feature of: Hypothyroidism
  48. Organism in bronchiolitis is : RSy
  49. Steroids is useful in : minimal change disease
  50. Earliest indication of sexual maturation in a girls is : Thelarche  
  51. The first permanent tooth to erupt are usually the: First molar
  52. Blood specimen for neonatal thyroid screening is obtained on : cord blood just after birth
  53. Treatment of choice for thalassemia major is: Blood transfusion and desferrioxamineQ  
  54. In MaCune-Albright's syndromeQ sexual precocity, multiple cystic bone lesions and endocrinopathies are seen.
  55. Buerger nephropathy is due to mesangial deposition of :IgA and C3
  56. Commonest cause of heart failure in infancy is: congenital heart disease
  57. Congenital long QT syndrome is associated with neonatal sinus bradycardia
  58. Pawn ball megakaryocytes are characteristic of: Myelodysplastic syndrome
  59. Single gene defect causing multiple unrelated problems : PleiotropismQ
  60. A new born baby presented with perfuse bleeding from umbilical stump after birth. Probable diagnosis is : Factor- XIII deficiency  
  61. Common to both acute and chronic malnutrition is: Weight for Height
  62. Most common cause of renal artery stenosis in children in India is: Takayasu aortoarteritis
  63. Drug of choice for rheumatic fever prophylaxis in penicillin allergic patient: Erythromycin
  64. Essential criteria for TOF includes all, except: Valvular stenosis
  65. TOF includes: RVH, YSD, Pulmonary stenois/infundibular stenosis, over riding aorta
  66. Most common inherited childhood tumor is: Retinoblastoma
  67. Turner's syndrome is maximally associated with: Bicuspid Aortic valve (50 %), coartaction of aorta (30 %)
  68. Most common sequel to periventricular leukomalacia: Spastic diplegia
  69. Neonate with recurrent infection and abscess diagnosed of Kostmann syndrome (Congenital Neutropenia). Treatment includes:  Antithymocyte globulin+Cyclosporin+G-CSFQ
  70. Pentalogy of Fallot :TOF + ASD
  71. Most sensitive indicator of intravascular volume in infant is : Heart Rate
  72. Chang-staging in : Medulloblastoma
  73. Wilm's tumor is NOT associated with bilateral polycystic kidney
  74. A 3.5 kg baby born to diabetic mother develops seizures at 16 hours. The most likely diagnosis is: Hypoglycemia
  75. Color is NOT used in term a baby as vigorous.
  76. Early neonatal sepsis in India is most commonly due to : Group B Streptococci
  77. Aniridia is associated with: Nephroblastoma (Wilm’s tumor)
  78. OmphaloceleQ is associated with >20% risk of chromosomal anomalies.
  79. Most common cause of acute infantile gastroenteritis: Rota virus
  80. Height usually keeps after: 2 yrs
  81. Length usually before: 2 yrs
  82. AdrenarcheQ starts at age of 7 yrs.
  83. Tanner staging system is for: Normal puberty
  84. A girl with primary amenorrhoea with normal breast with hirsuitism and acne. She has: PCOD
  85. Predominant site of erythropoiesis during 7 month of gestation: Liver
  86. Preterm apnoea is defined as cessation of respiration for atleast 15 seconds
  87. Pediatric hypoglycaernia is defined as blood sugar below 55 mg %
  88. Left axis deviation is seen in: Wolf pakinnon-white syndrome, Septum primum, COPD
  89. Which comes early in new born: Motor junction
  90. HT with virilisation : 11 beta syndroxylase deficiency  
  91. Dose of Vit A at 9 months :1 lac IU
  92. Time required for air to ravel to descending colon in neonate: 8-9 hrs
  93. ThelarcheQ occurs at 11 yrs. Of age.
  94. A 5 yrs. Child with hepatomegaly, hypoglycemia, ketosis: Glycogen storage disease
  95. Commonest tumor in a child in posterior cranial fossa: Medulloblastoma
  96. Lowes syndrome (Oculo-cephalo-renal syndrome): Hypophosphatemic Rickets + Aminoaciduria + CNS and eye defects
  97. Potters syndrome: Pulmonary hypoplasia + renal hypoplasia +ear Deformities.
  98. Cat eye syndrome: partial trisomy 22
  99. Floppy baby syndrome: due to clostridium botulinium
  100. Dandy walker syndrome: due to obstruction of Foramen of Magiende and Lushcka.
  101. Mc Leod syndrome: unilateral pseudoemphysema occurring in child hood.
  102. Williams Syndrome: infantile hypercalcemia.
  103. Caudal regression syndrome: Seen in child born to uncontrolled diabetic mother
  104. The gene for Wilson's disease is on: long arm of Chromosome 13
  105. X-ray of which of the following would be most appropriate for determining bone age at 7 months: Shoulder
  106. Thelarche is the first sign of puberty in girls
  107. After premature delivery, mother's milk is low in: lactose
  108. In kwashiorkor, the letter 'K' is post-fixed to denote Edema
  109. Treatment of C. difficle infection: Metronidazole, Bacitracin, Nitazoxanilide
  110. Most common type of Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: 21-hydroxylase deficiency
  111. Child begins to sit with support, able to transfer objects from one hand to another hand and speak monosyllabic babbles at he age of: 6 months
  112. Incubation period of mumps is 14-24 days
  113. A new borne with respiratory distress not responding to surfactant & past baby's death from similar cause suggest: Neonatal alveolar proteinosis.
  114. Vomiting, abdominal distention, failure to thrive with adrenal calcification suggests Wolman's Disease
  115. Triad of diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis is for Pellagra
  116. In congenital rubella, there is high risk before 16 weeks.
  117. Cause of severe chest infection in cystic fibrosis child is Burkholderia capecia
  118. Mutation in congenital epidermolysis bullosa is in Collagen type VII.
  119. In a child after a normal sweat chloride test, next test for cystic fibrosis done is Transnasal Potential difference
  120. A mother with history of inadequate intake of spiramycin having a baby with hydrocephalus & calcification suggests: Toxoplasmosis
  121. For BCG Vaccine, WHO recommends Danish 1331 strain.

Lipid metabolism Disease





Sandhoff disease

Krabbe Leukodystrophy

Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

Gaucher disease

Tangier Disease

Alpha galactoside - A (Ceramide trihexoside accumulates) Sphingomyelinase (RBC appear as foam cells)


Hexosaminidase A and B

Galacto Cerebrosidase

Arylsulfatase A

Gluco Cerebrosidase

Lipid metabolism disturbed (Low Alpha lipoprotein)


Presenting features of common poisonings children:









Acute liver failure


Fever, tacchypenea



Non ketotic hypoglycemia

CNS depression, fits, pyrexia

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