Most common cause for nosocomial infection
|A||Admission for elective surgery|
|B||Admission for normal delivery|
|C||Neoplasm patient in OPD for followup|
a. Any type of invasive (enters the body) procedure can expose a patient to the possibility of infection. Invasive surgical procedures increase a patient's risk of getting an infection by giving bacteria a route into normally sterile areas of the body.
b. An infection can be acquired from contaminated surgical equipment or from the hands of health care workers.
c. All hospitalized patients are at risk of acquiring an infection from their treatment or surgery. Some patients are at greater risk than others, especially young children, the elderly, and persons with compromised immune systems.. The risk factors for hospital-acquired infections include:
ii. The use of antibiotics for more than 10 days,
iii. Use of invasive devices,
iv. Poor postoperative status,
v. A prolonged hospital stay
vi. Severity of underlying illness
vii. Compmised nutritional or immune status
viii. Use of indwelling catheters
ix. Failure of health care workers to wash their hands between patients or before procedures
x. Prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from the overuse of antibiotics
xi. Any type of invasive (enters the body) procedure can expose a patient to the possibility of infection.
· The most common sources of infection in their hospital are urinary catheters, central venous (in the vein) catheters, and endotrachial tubes or tubes going through the mouth into the stomach