The defect in gastroschisis is:
|A||Through the umbilicus|
|B||Supr. To umbilicus|
|C||To the right of umbilicus|
|D||To the left of the umbilicus|
a. Gastroschisis represents a congenital defect characterized by defect in the antr. Abdominal wall through which the intestinal contents freely protrude.
b. Unlike the omphalocele there is no overlying Sac and size of the defect is <4cm.
c. The abdominal wall defect is located at the junction of the umbilicus & normal skin & is almost always to the right of the umbilicus.
d. The umbilicus becomes partly detached, allowing free communication with the abdominal cavity.
e. The appearance of the bowel provides some information with respect to the in - utero timing of the defect.
f. This anomaly is commonly associated with intestinal atresia.
g. High-risk pregnancies such as those complicated by infection, young maternal age, smoking, drug abuse, or anything that contributes to low birth weight can increase the incidence of gastroschisis, which is more frequent in newborns who are small for gestational age.