The treatment of hydrofluoric acid skin burn is:
|A||Injection of sodium bicarbonate|
|B||Irrigation with sodium bicarbonate|
|C||Application of calcium carbonate gel|
|D||Local wound care only|
a. The initial treatment after contact with the skin is copious irrigation, which must be continued for at least 15-30 min. with either water or normal saline.
b. The second aspect of treatment aims to inactivate the free fluoride ion by promoting the formation of an insoluble fluoride salt.
c. Topical calcium carbonate gel has been shown to detoxify the fluoride ion and relieve pain.
d. The treatment involves massage of a 2.5% calcium carbonate gel into the area of exposure for at least 30 min.